Purpose: Left atrial volume index (LAVI) is a predictor of heart failure and adverse events, irrespective of left ventricular systolic function. The role of LAVI in the prediction of appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapies is currently unclear and was the focus of this study. Methods: Consecutive heart failure patients with ischaemic (ICM) or idiopathic (DCM) aetiology receiving ICD for primary prevention were included. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of appropriate ICD therapies (ATs): shocks or antitachycardia pacing (ATP). Inappropriate ICD shocks were also assessed as secondary endpoint. Results: Among 198 included patients, severe left atrial dilatation (SLAE = LAVI ≥ 60 ml/m2) was present in 54 (27%). SLAE patients had a higher prevalence of NYHA class ≥ III, severe mitral regurgitation and atrial fibrillation history. During a median follow-up of 45 months (IQR 25-68), ATs occurred more frequently in SLAE group (33% vs. 15%, p = .007) as well as appropriate shocks (24% vs. 10%, p = .014). At multivariate analysis SLAE was an independent predictor of ATs (OR 3.19, 95% CI 1.38-7.38, p = .007). Inappropriate shocks were associated with AF during implantation (p = .03), but not with SLAE (p = .009). Conclusion: In DCM or ICM patients candidate to receive an ICD for primary prevention, a severely enlarged left atrium is a predictive factor for ATs (shocks or ATP). The risk of inappropriate shocks was increased in patients with atrial fibrillation, rather than SLAE. .

Prognostic role of left atrial enlargement in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators for primary prevention

Bissolino, Arianna
First
;
Andreis, Alessandro;Magnano, Massimo;Budano, Carlo;Saglietto, Andrea;Angelini, Filippo;Roagna, Edoardo;Mattivi, Simone;Peyracchia, Mattia;Errigo, Daniele;Castagno, Davide;Giustetto, Carla;De Ferrari, Gaetano Maria
Last
2022

Abstract

Purpose: Left atrial volume index (LAVI) is a predictor of heart failure and adverse events, irrespective of left ventricular systolic function. The role of LAVI in the prediction of appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapies is currently unclear and was the focus of this study. Methods: Consecutive heart failure patients with ischaemic (ICM) or idiopathic (DCM) aetiology receiving ICD for primary prevention were included. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of appropriate ICD therapies (ATs): shocks or antitachycardia pacing (ATP). Inappropriate ICD shocks were also assessed as secondary endpoint. Results: Among 198 included patients, severe left atrial dilatation (SLAE = LAVI ≥ 60 ml/m2) was present in 54 (27%). SLAE patients had a higher prevalence of NYHA class ≥ III, severe mitral regurgitation and atrial fibrillation history. During a median follow-up of 45 months (IQR 25-68), ATs occurred more frequently in SLAE group (33% vs. 15%, p = .007) as well as appropriate shocks (24% vs. 10%, p = .014). At multivariate analysis SLAE was an independent predictor of ATs (OR 3.19, 95% CI 1.38-7.38, p = .007). Inappropriate shocks were associated with AF during implantation (p = .03), but not with SLAE (p = .009). Conclusion: In DCM or ICM patients candidate to receive an ICD for primary prevention, a severely enlarged left atrium is a predictive factor for ATs (shocks or ATP). The risk of inappropriate shocks was increased in patients with atrial fibrillation, rather than SLAE. .
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ICD; atrial dilatation; inappropriate shock; left atrial volume index; primary prevention; shock
Bissolino, Arianna; Andreis, Alessandro; Magnano, Massimo; Budano, Carlo; Saglietto, Andrea; Angelini, Filippo; Roagna, Edoardo; Mattivi, Simone; Peyracchia, Mattia; Errigo, Daniele; Golzio, Pier Giorgio; Castagno, Davide; Giustetto, Carla; De Ferrari, Gaetano Maria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1766027
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