Background: The aim was to estimate the risk of subsequent extra-cervical Human Papillomavirus (HPV) related cancer in patients surgically treated for high grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN 2-3). This is the first study in Italy investigating the occurrence of extra-cervical tumors in this cohort of patients. Methods: 3184 patients surgically treated for CIN2-3 since 1992 at the Department of Surgical Sciences of University of Torino were considered. The risk of HPV-related cancer was calculated as Standardized Incidence Ratio (SIR), using as expected values tumour age specific incidence of resident population. Results: 173 second primary cancer (SCPs) were identified. SIR to develop cancer after treatment for CIN2-3 was 2.2 (CI 95% 1.89-2.50). Among these occurrences, 10 are in HPV related sites: 1 anus (SIR = 1.8; 0.04-10.0), 3 vagina (SIR = 12.4; 2.56-36.3), 1 vulva (SIR = 1.7; 0.04-9.59), 5 oropharynx (SIR = 8.5; 2.76-19.8). Significant risk has been also recorded for pulmonary (SIR = 3.1; 0.70-5.27) and bladder (SIR = 4.05; 1.10-10.56), with smoking as possible cofactor. We also found increased risk for breast (SIR = 2.4; 2.07-2.84) and ovarian cancers (SIR = 2.1; 1.13-3.49), probably due to an higher adherence to spontaneous and programmed screening programs. Conclusions: Our study supports the hypothesis of an increased risk of HPV-related tumours for CIN treated patients, mostly for CIN3. It is conceivable the need of early diagnosis for these cancers in this higher-risk populations.

Risk of HPV-related extra-cervical cancers in women treated for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia

Preti M.;Micheletti L.;Libero C.;Gallio N.;Cosma S.;Bevilacqua F.;Benedetto C.
2020

Abstract

Background: The aim was to estimate the risk of subsequent extra-cervical Human Papillomavirus (HPV) related cancer in patients surgically treated for high grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN 2-3). This is the first study in Italy investigating the occurrence of extra-cervical tumors in this cohort of patients. Methods: 3184 patients surgically treated for CIN2-3 since 1992 at the Department of Surgical Sciences of University of Torino were considered. The risk of HPV-related cancer was calculated as Standardized Incidence Ratio (SIR), using as expected values tumour age specific incidence of resident population. Results: 173 second primary cancer (SCPs) were identified. SIR to develop cancer after treatment for CIN2-3 was 2.2 (CI 95% 1.89-2.50). Among these occurrences, 10 are in HPV related sites: 1 anus (SIR = 1.8; 0.04-10.0), 3 vagina (SIR = 12.4; 2.56-36.3), 1 vulva (SIR = 1.7; 0.04-9.59), 5 oropharynx (SIR = 8.5; 2.76-19.8). Significant risk has been also recorded for pulmonary (SIR = 3.1; 0.70-5.27) and bladder (SIR = 4.05; 1.10-10.56), with smoking as possible cofactor. We also found increased risk for breast (SIR = 2.4; 2.07-2.84) and ovarian cancers (SIR = 2.1; 1.13-3.49), probably due to an higher adherence to spontaneous and programmed screening programs. Conclusions: Our study supports the hypothesis of an increased risk of HPV-related tumours for CIN treated patients, mostly for CIN3. It is conceivable the need of early diagnosis for these cancers in this higher-risk populations.
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https://bmccancer.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12885-020-07452-6
Anal cancer; Anogenital area; HPV-related cancers; Multiple subsequent cancers; Vaginal cancer; Vulvar cancer
Preti M.; Rosso S.; Micheletti L.; Libero C.; Sobrato I.; Giordano L.; Busso P.; Gallio N.; Cosma S.; Bevilacqua F.; Benedetto C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1770899
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