Oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy is characterized by an acute hyperexcitability syndrome triggered/exacerbated by cold. The mechanisms underlying oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy are unclear, but the alteration of ion channel expression and activity plays a well-recognized central role. Recently, we found that oxaliplatin leads to cytosolic acidification in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. Here, we investigated the early impact of oxaliplatin on the proton-sensitive TREK potassium channels. Following a 6-h oxaliplatin treatment, both channels underwent a transcription upregulation that returned to control levels after 42 h. The overexpression of TREK channels was also observed after in vivo treatment in DRG cells from mice exposed to acute treatment with oxaliplatin. Moreover, both intracellular pH and TREK channel transcription were similarly regulated after incubation with amiloride, an inhibitor of the Na+/H+ exchanger. In addition, we studied the role of oxaliplatin-induced acidification on channel behavior, and, as expected, we observed a robust positive modulation of TREK channel activity. Finally, we focused on the impact of this complex modulation on capsaicin-evoked neuronal activity finding a transient decrease in the average firing rate following 6 h of oxaliplatin treatment. In conclusion, the early activation of TREK genes may represent a mechanism of protection against the oxaliplatin-related perturbation of neuronal excitability.

Early stimulation of trek channel transcription and activity induced by oxaliplatin-dependent cytosolic acidification

Ruffinatti F. A.;
2020

Abstract

Oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy is characterized by an acute hyperexcitability syndrome triggered/exacerbated by cold. The mechanisms underlying oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy are unclear, but the alteration of ion channel expression and activity plays a well-recognized central role. Recently, we found that oxaliplatin leads to cytosolic acidification in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. Here, we investigated the early impact of oxaliplatin on the proton-sensitive TREK potassium channels. Following a 6-h oxaliplatin treatment, both channels underwent a transcription upregulation that returned to control levels after 42 h. The overexpression of TREK channels was also observed after in vivo treatment in DRG cells from mice exposed to acute treatment with oxaliplatin. Moreover, both intracellular pH and TREK channel transcription were similarly regulated after incubation with amiloride, an inhibitor of the Na+/H+ exchanger. In addition, we studied the role of oxaliplatin-induced acidification on channel behavior, and, as expected, we observed a robust positive modulation of TREK channel activity. Finally, we focused on the impact of this complex modulation on capsaicin-evoked neuronal activity finding a transient decrease in the average firing rate following 6 h of oxaliplatin treatment. In conclusion, the early activation of TREK genes may represent a mechanism of protection against the oxaliplatin-related perturbation of neuronal excitability.
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DRG neurons; Electrophysiology; Na; +; /H; +; exchanger; Neuropathic pain; Oxaliplatin; PH; TREK channels; TRPV1; Action Potentials; Amiloride; Animals; Antineoplastic Agents; Capsaicin; Epithelial Sodium Channel Blockers; Ganglia, Spinal; Humans; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration; Male; Mice; Mice, Inbred BALB C; Models, Biological; Neurons; Oxaliplatin; Patch-Clamp Techniques; Peripheral Nervous System Diseases; Potassium Channels, Tandem Pore Domain; Primary Cell Culture; Sodium-Hydrogen Exchanger 1; Transcriptional Activation
Dionisi M.; Ruffinatti F.A.; Riva B.; Lim D.; Canta A.; Meregalli C.; Fumagalli G.; Monza L.; Ferrer-Montiel A.; Fernandez-Carvajal A.; Cavaletti G.; Genazzani A.A.; Distasi C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1784699
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