Backgrounds and aims: Hypertension is a risk factor for renal, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. It is responsible for a large proportion of overall morbidity and mortality every year. Hypertension-mediated organ damage is largely not reversible. For these reasons, prevention has primary importance: sensibilization of population on hypertension-related consequences is essential for therapeutic adherence and reduction of unhealthy lifestyle behaviour. This study aimed to evaluate awareness about hypertension among community pharmacies customers. Methods and results: A questionnaire about hypertension was collected by 2731 customers from 94 community pharmacies in North West Italy, during a hypertension screening program. Hypertension awareness was unsatisfactory in a large proportion of the sample, with only 15% of subjects having an overall good level of knowledge. Furthermore, lower awareness was associated to higher blood pressure values (132/79 ± 19/11 mmHg vs 128/78 ± 18/10 mmHg, p < 0.001) and subjects resulted hypertensive or uncontrolled despite antihypertensive therapy, presented worse questionnaire scores (4.7 ± 1.9 vs 4.9 ± 2.0, p = 0.03). Conclusion: Knowledge about hypertension is largely unsatisfactory among population. Community pharmacies may play as a setting for health education and hypertension screening.

Knowledge on arterial hypertension in general population: Results from a community pharmacy screening program

Fanelli E.
First
;
Ravetto Enri L.;Pappaccogli M.;Fasano C.;Pignata I.;Baratta F.;Eula E.;Brusa P.
Co-last
;
Veglio F.
Co-last
2021

Abstract

Backgrounds and aims: Hypertension is a risk factor for renal, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. It is responsible for a large proportion of overall morbidity and mortality every year. Hypertension-mediated organ damage is largely not reversible. For these reasons, prevention has primary importance: sensibilization of population on hypertension-related consequences is essential for therapeutic adherence and reduction of unhealthy lifestyle behaviour. This study aimed to evaluate awareness about hypertension among community pharmacies customers. Methods and results: A questionnaire about hypertension was collected by 2731 customers from 94 community pharmacies in North West Italy, during a hypertension screening program. Hypertension awareness was unsatisfactory in a large proportion of the sample, with only 15% of subjects having an overall good level of knowledge. Furthermore, lower awareness was associated to higher blood pressure values (132/79 ± 19/11 mmHg vs 128/78 ± 18/10 mmHg, p < 0.001) and subjects resulted hypertensive or uncontrolled despite antihypertensive therapy, presented worse questionnaire scores (4.7 ± 1.9 vs 4.9 ± 2.0, p = 0.03). Conclusion: Knowledge about hypertension is largely unsatisfactory among population. Community pharmacies may play as a setting for health education and hypertension screening.
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Community pharmacies; Health education; Hypertension; Prevention; Adult; Aged; Antihypertensive Agents; Arterial Pressure; Female; Healthy Lifestyle; Humans; Italy; Male; Middle Aged; Preventive Health Services; Risk Assessment; Risk Factors; Risk Reduction Behavior; Surveys and Questionnaires; Community Pharmacy Services; Health Education; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Health Literacy; Hypertension
Fanelli E.; Ravetto Enri L.; Pappaccogli M.; Fasano C.; Di Monaco S.; Pignata I.; Baratta F.; Eula E.; Masera G.; Mana M.; Rabbia F.; Brusa P.; Veglio F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1788301
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