In kidney transplantations, pathologists evaluate the architecture of both glomeruli, interstitium and tubules to assess the nephron status. An accurate assessment of glomerulosclerosis and tubular atrophy is crucial for determining kidney acceptance, which is currently based on the pathologists’ histological evaluations on renal biopsies in addition to clinical data. In this work, we present an automated algorithm, called RENTAG (Robust EvaluatioN of Tubular Atrophy & Glomerulosclerosis), for the segmentation and classification of glomerular and tubular structures in histopathological images. The proposed novel strategy combines the accuracy of a level-set with the semantic segmentation of convolutional neural networks to detect the glomeruli and tubules contours. In the TEST set, our method exhibited excellent performance in both glomeruli (dice score: 0.9529) and tubule (dice score: 0.9174) detection and outperformed all the compared methods. To the best of our knowledge, the RENTAG algorithm is the first fully automated method capable of quantifying glomerulosclerosis and tubular atrophy in digital histological images. The developed software can be employed for the analysis of pre-transplantation biopsies to support the pathologists' diagnostic activity.

Automated assessment of glomerulosclerosis and tubular atrophy using deep learning

Gambella A.;Papotti M.;
2021

Abstract

In kidney transplantations, pathologists evaluate the architecture of both glomeruli, interstitium and tubules to assess the nephron status. An accurate assessment of glomerulosclerosis and tubular atrophy is crucial for determining kidney acceptance, which is currently based on the pathologists’ histological evaluations on renal biopsies in addition to clinical data. In this work, we present an automated algorithm, called RENTAG (Robust EvaluatioN of Tubular Atrophy & Glomerulosclerosis), for the segmentation and classification of glomerular and tubular structures in histopathological images. The proposed novel strategy combines the accuracy of a level-set with the semantic segmentation of convolutional neural networks to detect the glomeruli and tubules contours. In the TEST set, our method exhibited excellent performance in both glomeruli (dice score: 0.9529) and tubule (dice score: 0.9174) detection and outperformed all the compared methods. To the best of our knowledge, the RENTAG algorithm is the first fully automated method capable of quantifying glomerulosclerosis and tubular atrophy in digital histological images. The developed software can be employed for the analysis of pre-transplantation biopsies to support the pathologists' diagnostic activity.
COMPUTERIZED MEDICAL IMAGING AND GRAPHICS
90
101930
N/A
Deep learning; Digital pathology; Glomeruli segmentation; Kidney histology; Tubular atrophy
Salvi M.; Mogetta A.; Gambella A.; Molinaro L.; Barreca A.; Papotti M.; Molinari F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1790901
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