Simlukafusp alfa (FAP-IL2v, RO6874281/RG7461) is an immunocytokine comprising an antibody against fibroblast activation protein α (FAP) and an IL-2 variant with a retained affinity for IL-2Rβγ > IL-2 Rβγ and abolished binding to IL-2 Rα. Here, we investigated the immunostimulatory properties of FAP-IL2v and its combination with programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) checkpoint inhibition, CD40 agonism, T cell bispecific and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC)-mediating antibodies. The binding and immunostimulatory properties of FAP-IL2v were investigated in vitro and compared with FAP-IL2wt. Tumor targeting was investigated in tumor-bearing mice and in a rhesus monkey. The ability of FAP-IL2v to potentiate the efficacy of different immunotherapies was investigated in different xenograft and syngeneic murine tumor models. FAP-IL2v bound IL-2 Rβγ and FAP with high affinity in vitro, inducing dose-dependent proliferation of natural killer (NK) cells and CD4+/CD8+ T cells while being significantly less potent than FAP-IL2wt in activating immunosuppressive regulatory T cells (Tregs). T cells activated by FAP-IL2v were less sensitive to Fas-mediated apoptosis than those activated by FAP-IL2wt. Imaging studies demonstrated improved tumor targeting of FAP-IL2v compared to FAP-IL2wt. Furthermore, FAP-IL2v significantly enhanced the in vitro and in vivo activity of therapeutic antibodies that mediate antibody-dependent or T cell-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (TDCC) and of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) checkpoint inhibition. The triple combination of FAP-IL2v with an anti-PD-L1 antibody and an agonistic CD40 antibody was most efficacious. These data indicate that FAP-IL2v is a potent immunocytokine that potentiates the efficacy of different T- and NK-cell-based cancer immunotherapies.

Simlukafusp alfa (FAP-IL2v) immunocytokine is a versatile combination partner for cancer immunotherapy

Cavallo F.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Simlukafusp alfa (FAP-IL2v, RO6874281/RG7461) is an immunocytokine comprising an antibody against fibroblast activation protein α (FAP) and an IL-2 variant with a retained affinity for IL-2Rβγ > IL-2 Rβγ and abolished binding to IL-2 Rα. Here, we investigated the immunostimulatory properties of FAP-IL2v and its combination with programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) checkpoint inhibition, CD40 agonism, T cell bispecific and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC)-mediating antibodies. The binding and immunostimulatory properties of FAP-IL2v were investigated in vitro and compared with FAP-IL2wt. Tumor targeting was investigated in tumor-bearing mice and in a rhesus monkey. The ability of FAP-IL2v to potentiate the efficacy of different immunotherapies was investigated in different xenograft and syngeneic murine tumor models. FAP-IL2v bound IL-2 Rβγ and FAP with high affinity in vitro, inducing dose-dependent proliferation of natural killer (NK) cells and CD4+/CD8+ T cells while being significantly less potent than FAP-IL2wt in activating immunosuppressive regulatory T cells (Tregs). T cells activated by FAP-IL2v were less sensitive to Fas-mediated apoptosis than those activated by FAP-IL2wt. Imaging studies demonstrated improved tumor targeting of FAP-IL2v compared to FAP-IL2wt. Furthermore, FAP-IL2v significantly enhanced the in vitro and in vivo activity of therapeutic antibodies that mediate antibody-dependent or T cell-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (TDCC) and of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) checkpoint inhibition. The triple combination of FAP-IL2v with an anti-PD-L1 antibody and an agonistic CD40 antibody was most efficacious. These data indicate that FAP-IL2v is a potent immunocytokine that potentiates the efficacy of different T- and NK-cell-based cancer immunotherapies.
2021
13
1
1
13
FAP-il2v; fibroblast activation protein; immunocytokine; interleukin-2; rg7461
Waldhauer I.; Gonzalez-Nicolini V.; Freimoser-Grundschober A.; Nayak T.K.; Fahrni L.; Hosse R.J.; Gerrits D.; Geven E.J.W.; Sam J.; Lang S.; Bommer E....espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1790943
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