Purpose: Rising levels of psychopathology in the adolescent population have been evidenced in the last few years throughout the Western world. We aim to examine how contemporary neuropsychiatry is changing in Northwestern Italy and how this impacts inpatient services. Methods: The present research considered the 1177 admissions to a public neuropsychiatric inpatient service in the 2007–2017 decade. The annual percentual change (APC) was analysed for the total admissions, the number of the neurological vs psychiatric admissions, the length of inpatient stay, and the mean age at admission, also accounting for sex differences. The annual trend was also calculated for each diagnosis. Results: The overall number of inpatient admissions decreased significantly (APC = − 5.91), in particular for children under 12 years of age (APC = − 7.23). The rate of neurologic diagnoses significantly decreased (APC = − 26.44), while the length of the inpatient stay (APC = 6.98) and the mean age at admission (APC = 6.69) increased. Among the psychiatric diagnoses, depression significantly rose (APC = 41.89), in particular among female adolescents (APC = 40.30). Conclusions: These data document a substantial change in the utilization of inpatient neuropsychiatric services for children and adolescents, with a major increase in psychiatric hospitalizations and a parallel decrease in neurological ones. These trends call for greater attention to early preventive intervention in mental healthcare system.

Trends in admissions to a child and adolescent neuropsychiatric inpatient unit in the 2007–2017 decade: how contemporary neuropsychiatry is changing in Northwestern Italy

Amianto F.
First
;
Baietto C.;Davico C.;Migliaretti G.;Vitiello B.
2021

Abstract

Purpose: Rising levels of psychopathology in the adolescent population have been evidenced in the last few years throughout the Western world. We aim to examine how contemporary neuropsychiatry is changing in Northwestern Italy and how this impacts inpatient services. Methods: The present research considered the 1177 admissions to a public neuropsychiatric inpatient service in the 2007–2017 decade. The annual percentual change (APC) was analysed for the total admissions, the number of the neurological vs psychiatric admissions, the length of inpatient stay, and the mean age at admission, also accounting for sex differences. The annual trend was also calculated for each diagnosis. Results: The overall number of inpatient admissions decreased significantly (APC = − 5.91), in particular for children under 12 years of age (APC = − 7.23). The rate of neurologic diagnoses significantly decreased (APC = − 26.44), while the length of the inpatient stay (APC = 6.98) and the mean age at admission (APC = 6.69) increased. Among the psychiatric diagnoses, depression significantly rose (APC = 41.89), in particular among female adolescents (APC = 40.30). Conclusions: These data document a substantial change in the utilization of inpatient neuropsychiatric services for children and adolescents, with a major increase in psychiatric hospitalizations and a parallel decrease in neurological ones. These trends call for greater attention to early preventive intervention in mental healthcare system.
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Adolescence; Annual Percent Change (APC); Depression; Healthcare system; Psychopathology
Amianto F.; Arletti L.; Baietto C.; Davico C.; Migliaretti G.; Vitiello B.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1791963
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