Introduction: Luteinized thecoma (thecomatosis) with sclerosing peritonitis (LTSP) is a very uncommon syndrome, characterized by the presence of single or bilateral ovarian thecomas and peritoneal fibrotic lesions. The disease occurs in young women and it can lead to peritoneal fibrosis and bowel obstruction. The pathogenesis of this syndrome remains still largely unknown. Surgery represents the cornerstone of treatment, but resection alone does not always allow a complete disease control. Attempts at medical treatments have been reported in recent years, but a real standard therapy has not yet been defined. Areas covered: We performed a systematic review of literature, collecting all the papers that reported cases of LTSP, since its first description in 1994. We found that, in these 25 years, less than 50 cases have been described in literature. Expert opinion: Along with the established role of surgery, adjuvant treatment with hormonal agents, in particular in estrogen receptor expression, seems to be a promising approach. However, more efforts must be carried out to describe treatment and outcome of new cases, improving knowledge about this rare condition.

Luteinized thecoma (thecomatosis) with sclerosing peritonitis: a systematic review of the literature of the last 25 years

Muratori L.;Trevisi E.;Delcuratolo M. D.;Di Maio M.
Last
2021-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Luteinized thecoma (thecomatosis) with sclerosing peritonitis (LTSP) is a very uncommon syndrome, characterized by the presence of single or bilateral ovarian thecomas and peritoneal fibrotic lesions. The disease occurs in young women and it can lead to peritoneal fibrosis and bowel obstruction. The pathogenesis of this syndrome remains still largely unknown. Surgery represents the cornerstone of treatment, but resection alone does not always allow a complete disease control. Attempts at medical treatments have been reported in recent years, but a real standard therapy has not yet been defined. Areas covered: We performed a systematic review of literature, collecting all the papers that reported cases of LTSP, since its first description in 1994. We found that, in these 25 years, less than 50 cases have been described in literature. Expert opinion: Along with the established role of surgery, adjuvant treatment with hormonal agents, in particular in estrogen receptor expression, seems to be a promising approach. However, more efforts must be carried out to describe treatment and outcome of new cases, improving knowledge about this rare condition.
2021
21
1
23
32
hormone therapy; Ovarian tumor; peritoneum; surgery; thecoma
Muratori L.; Trevisi E.; Delcuratolo M.D.; Sperone P.; Di Maio M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1792508
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