A systematic review was carried out to identify if periprocedural administration of systemic antibiotics could decrease risk of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (MRONJ) in patients under antiresorptive and/or biologic agents for teeth extraction. PubMed/MEDLINE and Scopus were systematically searched for case-series with more than 10 patients, retrospective/prospective studies, and trials concerning this issue. Manual searching of references from previous reviews was also carried out. Of 1,512 results, 17 studies were included, focusing on antibiotics for extraction in patients under intravenous bisphosphonates (8 studies), oral bisphosphonates (2 studies), oral and intravenous bisphosphonates (6 studies), and denosumab (1 study), of which 12 performed dental extraction with surgical flap. With no trials found, "quality in prognosis studies" (QUIPS) tool was used to evaluate risk of bias. First-line treatment was 2-3 grams of oral amoxicillin in 76.4% of studies; 300-600 mg of clindamycin was the alternative treatment in 23.5% of studies. Treatment ranged from 3 to 20 days, consisting of 6-7 days in 47% of studies. No microbiologic insight was provided. A significantly higher risk of MRONJ for patients unexposed to antibiotics was provided in one retrospective study. QUIPS tool revealed moderate-high risk of bias. With empirical data from bias-carrying, heterogeneous observational studies, the validity of antibiotics is yet to be established.

Lack of evidence in reducing risk of MRONJ after teeth extractions with systemic antibiotics.

Cabras, Marco;Gambino, Alessio;Broccoletti, Roberto;Sciascia, Savino;Arduino, Paolo G
2021

Abstract

A systematic review was carried out to identify if periprocedural administration of systemic antibiotics could decrease risk of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (MRONJ) in patients under antiresorptive and/or biologic agents for teeth extraction. PubMed/MEDLINE and Scopus were systematically searched for case-series with more than 10 patients, retrospective/prospective studies, and trials concerning this issue. Manual searching of references from previous reviews was also carried out. Of 1,512 results, 17 studies were included, focusing on antibiotics for extraction in patients under intravenous bisphosphonates (8 studies), oral bisphosphonates (2 studies), oral and intravenous bisphosphonates (6 studies), and denosumab (1 study), of which 12 performed dental extraction with surgical flap. With no trials found, "quality in prognosis studies" (QUIPS) tool was used to evaluate risk of bias. First-line treatment was 2-3 grams of oral amoxicillin in 76.4% of studies; 300-600 mg of clindamycin was the alternative treatment in 23.5% of studies. Treatment ranged from 3 to 20 days, consisting of 6-7 days in 47% of studies. No microbiologic insight was provided. A significantly higher risk of MRONJ for patients unexposed to antibiotics was provided in one retrospective study. QUIPS tool revealed moderate-high risk of bias. With empirical data from bias-carrying, heterogeneous observational studies, the validity of antibiotics is yet to be established.
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MRONJ; antibiotics; osteonecrosis; systematic review; teeth extraction
Cabras, Marco; Gambino, Alessio; Broccoletti, Roberto; Sciascia, Savino; Arduino, Paolo G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1792600
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