Heart failure (HF) prevalence is increasing among the aging population, and the mortality rate remains unacceptably high despite improvements in therapy. Myocardial ischemia (MI) and, consequently, ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI), are frequently the basis of HF development. Therefore, cardioprotective strategies to limit IRI are mandatory. Nanocarriers have been proposed as alternative therapy for cardiovascular disease. Controlled reoxygenation may be a promising strategy. Novel nanocarriers, such as cyclic nigerosyl-nigerose (CNN), can be innovative tools for oxygen delivery in a controlled manner. In this study we analyzed new CNN-based formulations as oxygen nanocarriers (O2-CNN), and compared them with nitrogen CNN (N2-CNN). These different CNN-based formulations were tested using two cellular models, namely, cardiomyoblasts (H9c2), and endothelial (HMEC) cell lines, at different concentrations. The effects on the growth curve during normoxia (21% O2, 5% CO2 and 74% N2 ) and their protective effects during hypoxia (1% O2, 5% CO2 and 94% N2) and reoxygenation (21% O2, 5% CO2 and 74% N2 ) were studied. Neither O2-CNN nor N2-CNN has any effect on the growth curve during normoxia. However, O2-CNN applied before hypoxia induces a 15–30% reduction in cell mortality after hypoxia/re-oxygenation when compared to N2-CNN. O2-CNN showed a marked efficacy in controlled oxygenation, which suggests an interesting potential for the future medical application of soluble nanocarrier systems for MI treatment.

Cyclic nigerosyl-nigerose as oxygen nanocarrier to protect cellular models from hypoxia/reoxygenation injury: Implications from an in vitro model

Penna C.
First
;
Femmino S.;Caldera F.;Cecone C.;Comita S.;Pagliaro P.
Co-last
;
Cavalli R.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Heart failure (HF) prevalence is increasing among the aging population, and the mortality rate remains unacceptably high despite improvements in therapy. Myocardial ischemia (MI) and, consequently, ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI), are frequently the basis of HF development. Therefore, cardioprotective strategies to limit IRI are mandatory. Nanocarriers have been proposed as alternative therapy for cardiovascular disease. Controlled reoxygenation may be a promising strategy. Novel nanocarriers, such as cyclic nigerosyl-nigerose (CNN), can be innovative tools for oxygen delivery in a controlled manner. In this study we analyzed new CNN-based formulations as oxygen nanocarriers (O2-CNN), and compared them with nitrogen CNN (N2-CNN). These different CNN-based formulations were tested using two cellular models, namely, cardiomyoblasts (H9c2), and endothelial (HMEC) cell lines, at different concentrations. The effects on the growth curve during normoxia (21% O2, 5% CO2 and 74% N2 ) and their protective effects during hypoxia (1% O2, 5% CO2 and 94% N2) and reoxygenation (21% O2, 5% CO2 and 74% N2 ) were studied. Neither O2-CNN nor N2-CNN has any effect on the growth curve during normoxia. However, O2-CNN applied before hypoxia induces a 15–30% reduction in cell mortality after hypoxia/re-oxygenation when compared to N2-CNN. O2-CNN showed a marked efficacy in controlled oxygenation, which suggests an interesting potential for the future medical application of soluble nanocarrier systems for MI treatment.
2021
22
8
4208
4220
Cyclic nigerosyl nigerose; Ischemia; Myocardial infarction; Oxygen delivery; Reperfusion; Cell Line; Cell Survival; Glucans; Humans; Molecular Structure; Myocardial Infarction; Oxygen; Reperfusion Injury
Penna C.; Femmino S.; Caldera F.; Pedrazzo A.R.; Cecone C.; Alfi E.; Comita S.; Higashiyama T.; Trotta F.; Pagliaro P.; Cavalli R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1793917
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