Background: Dementia has devastating consequences for families with important physical, psychological, social, and financial effects. Evaluation of caregiver’s needs may be an important step to reduce the burden of family caregivers of dementia patients. An Austrian scale, the Carers’ Needs Assessment for Dementia, is now available for measuring the caregiver’s needs. The aim of our study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the CNA-D (iCNA-D). Methods: A sample of 214 voluntary caregivers of dementia patients was recruited at the Department of Neuroscience, University of Turin (Italy). All participants were administered the iCNA-D. Validity and reliability of the instrument were evaluated using Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90), and the Italian version of Zarit Burden Interview (I-ZBI). Results: The most common unmet need reported for the iCNA-D was “counseling and emotional support” (31.5%). This item demonstrates adequate reliability with moderate internal consistency for all “summary scores” of iCNA-D (α ≥ 0.75) and split-half correlation of more than 0.80 for two of them. We also found positive correlations in two out of three “summary scores” of iCNA-D and in the overall outcomes of BDI, BAI, SCL-90, and I-ZBI. Conclusions: The iCNA-D could be a valid and reliable tool for a comprehensive assessment of needs and possible social supports proposed to relatives who take care of patients with dementia. Better understanding of family caregivers’ needs could improve planning of local services and reduce caregivers’ perception of distress and burden.

The Carers’ Needs Assessment for Dementia (CNA-D): a validation study in the Italian population

De Martino P.;Bo M.;Rainero I.
2021

Abstract

Background: Dementia has devastating consequences for families with important physical, psychological, social, and financial effects. Evaluation of caregiver’s needs may be an important step to reduce the burden of family caregivers of dementia patients. An Austrian scale, the Carers’ Needs Assessment for Dementia, is now available for measuring the caregiver’s needs. The aim of our study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the CNA-D (iCNA-D). Methods: A sample of 214 voluntary caregivers of dementia patients was recruited at the Department of Neuroscience, University of Turin (Italy). All participants were administered the iCNA-D. Validity and reliability of the instrument were evaluated using Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90), and the Italian version of Zarit Burden Interview (I-ZBI). Results: The most common unmet need reported for the iCNA-D was “counseling and emotional support” (31.5%). This item demonstrates adequate reliability with moderate internal consistency for all “summary scores” of iCNA-D (α ≥ 0.75) and split-half correlation of more than 0.80 for two of them. We also found positive correlations in two out of three “summary scores” of iCNA-D and in the overall outcomes of BDI, BAI, SCL-90, and I-ZBI. Conclusions: The iCNA-D could be a valid and reliable tool for a comprehensive assessment of needs and possible social supports proposed to relatives who take care of patients with dementia. Better understanding of family caregivers’ needs could improve planning of local services and reduce caregivers’ perception of distress and burden.
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Caregiver; CNA-D; Dementia; Italian; Need assessment; Validation
Zucca M.; Rubino E.; Vacca A.; De Martino P.; Caglio M.; Marcinno A.; Bo M.; Rainero I.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1794824
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