In a context of high demand for hospital services among older people, we aimed to assess the rate and determinants of inappropriate hospitalizations of older patients, and to what extent they were associated with inappropriate hospital stay. This prospective observational multicentre study evaluated a random sample of consecutive patients aged ≥ 70 years accessing the Emergency Department (ED) of two Italian tertiary hospitals. A standardized comprehensive geriatric assessment was carried out in each patient, including the Blaylock Risk Assessment Screen Scale (BRASS) for identification of patients at risk of difficult discharge. Inappropriate hospitalization was defined by the ED physician when patients did not necessitate hospital-provided procedures but was due to social reasons or lack of an alternative care-setting. Among 1877 patients (median age 80.7 years, 50.1% male), with a high prevalence of functional dependence and social isolation (around 30% and 25%, respectively), 767 (40.9%) were hospitalized. Incidence of inappropriate hospitalization was 14.6% (95% CI 12.1%-17.1%) and was associated with moderate-high risk of difficult discharge at BRASS (OR = 1.98, 95% CI 1.16-3.39, p = 0.013) and the presence of dementia with behavioural disorders (OR = 1.79, 95% CI 1.10-2.91, p = 0.020). Compared with patients appropriately admitted, inappropriate hospitalizations had shorter length of hospital stay but accounted for 1059/9154 days of stay (11.6%). Inappropriate hospitalizations occurred in less than 15% of cases, mainly accounted for by patients no longer manageable at home, but contributed to the greatest proportion of inappropriate hospital stay. These findings highlight the need of implementing appropriate home-care services and ensuring rapid access to suitable care-facilities for community-dwelling frail older patients.

Prevalence, determinants and practical implications of inappropriate hospitalizations in older subjects: A prospective observational study

Isaia G.;Brunetti E.;Presta R.;Sappa M.;Raspo S.;Riccardini F.;Lupia E.;Bo M.
2021

Abstract

In a context of high demand for hospital services among older people, we aimed to assess the rate and determinants of inappropriate hospitalizations of older patients, and to what extent they were associated with inappropriate hospital stay. This prospective observational multicentre study evaluated a random sample of consecutive patients aged ≥ 70 years accessing the Emergency Department (ED) of two Italian tertiary hospitals. A standardized comprehensive geriatric assessment was carried out in each patient, including the Blaylock Risk Assessment Screen Scale (BRASS) for identification of patients at risk of difficult discharge. Inappropriate hospitalization was defined by the ED physician when patients did not necessitate hospital-provided procedures but was due to social reasons or lack of an alternative care-setting. Among 1877 patients (median age 80.7 years, 50.1% male), with a high prevalence of functional dependence and social isolation (around 30% and 25%, respectively), 767 (40.9%) were hospitalized. Incidence of inappropriate hospitalization was 14.6% (95% CI 12.1%-17.1%) and was associated with moderate-high risk of difficult discharge at BRASS (OR = 1.98, 95% CI 1.16-3.39, p = 0.013) and the presence of dementia with behavioural disorders (OR = 1.79, 95% CI 1.10-2.91, p = 0.020). Compared with patients appropriately admitted, inappropriate hospitalizations had shorter length of hospital stay but accounted for 1059/9154 days of stay (11.6%). Inappropriate hospitalizations occurred in less than 15% of cases, mainly accounted for by patients no longer manageable at home, but contributed to the greatest proportion of inappropriate hospital stay. These findings highlight the need of implementing appropriate home-care services and ensuring rapid access to suitable care-facilities for community-dwelling frail older patients.
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Emergency service; Frail elderly; Health services for the aged; Hospital; Hospital administration; Length of stay
Isaia G.; Brunetti E.; Presta R.; Salone B.; Carignano G.; Sappa M.; Fonte G.; Raspo S.; Lauria G.; Riccardini F.; Lupia E.; Bo M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1794826
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