Introduction Temporary ileostomy is a valuable aid in reducing the severity of complications related to rectal cancer surgery. However, it is still unclear what is the best timing of its closure in relation to the feasibility of an adjuvant treatment, especially considering patient-reported outcomes and health system costs. The aim of the study is to compare the results of an early versus late closure strategy in patients with indication to adjuvant chemotherapy after resection for rectal cancer. Methods and analysis This is a prospective multicentre randomised trial, sponsored by Rete Oncologica Piemonte e Valle d'Aosta (Oncology Network of Piedmont and Aosta Valley-Italy). Patients undergone to rectal cancer surgery with temporary ileostomy, aged >18 years, without evidence of anastomotic leak and with indication to adjuvant chemotherapy will be enrolled in 28 Network centres. An early closure strategy (between 30 and 40 days from rectal surgery) will be compared with a late one (after the end of adjuvant therapy). Primary endpoint will be the compliance to adjuvant chemotherapy with and without ileostomy. Complications associated with stoma closure as well as quality of life, costs and oncological outcomes will be assessed as secondary endpoints. Ethics and dissemination The trial will engage the Network professional teams in a common effort to improve the treatment of rectal cancer by ensuring the best results in relation to the most correct use of resources. It will take into consideration both the patients' point of view (patient-reported outcome) and the health system perspective (costs analysis). The study has been approved by the Ethical Review Board of Città della Salute e della Scienza Hospital in Turin (Italy). The results of the study will be disseminated by the Network website, medical conferences and peer-reviewed scientific journals. Trial registration number NCT04372992.

Prospective, randomised, multicentre, open-label trial, designed to evaluate the best timing of closure of the temporary ileostomy (early versus late) in patients who underwent rectal cancer resection and with indication for adjuvant chemotherapy: The STOMAD (STOMa closure before or after ADjuvant therapy) randomised controlled trial

Massucco P.;Mineccia M.;Ciccone G.;Mistrangelo M.;Santarelli M.;Reddavid R.;Birolo S.;Panier Suffat L.;Rimonda R.;Adamo V.;Cravero F.;Mazza L.;Colli F.;Trapani R.;Gibin E.;Bellomo P.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Introduction Temporary ileostomy is a valuable aid in reducing the severity of complications related to rectal cancer surgery. However, it is still unclear what is the best timing of its closure in relation to the feasibility of an adjuvant treatment, especially considering patient-reported outcomes and health system costs. The aim of the study is to compare the results of an early versus late closure strategy in patients with indication to adjuvant chemotherapy after resection for rectal cancer. Methods and analysis This is a prospective multicentre randomised trial, sponsored by Rete Oncologica Piemonte e Valle d'Aosta (Oncology Network of Piedmont and Aosta Valley-Italy). Patients undergone to rectal cancer surgery with temporary ileostomy, aged >18 years, without evidence of anastomotic leak and with indication to adjuvant chemotherapy will be enrolled in 28 Network centres. An early closure strategy (between 30 and 40 days from rectal surgery) will be compared with a late one (after the end of adjuvant therapy). Primary endpoint will be the compliance to adjuvant chemotherapy with and without ileostomy. Complications associated with stoma closure as well as quality of life, costs and oncological outcomes will be assessed as secondary endpoints. Ethics and dissemination The trial will engage the Network professional teams in a common effort to improve the treatment of rectal cancer by ensuring the best results in relation to the most correct use of resources. It will take into consideration both the patients' point of view (patient-reported outcome) and the health system perspective (costs analysis). The study has been approved by the Ethical Review Board of Città della Salute e della Scienza Hospital in Turin (Italy). The results of the study will be disseminated by the Network website, medical conferences and peer-reviewed scientific journals. Trial registration number NCT04372992.
2021
11
2
e044692
1-8
chemotherapy; colorectal surgery; quality in health care; Aged; Chemotherapy, Adjuvant; Humans; Italy; Postoperative Complications; Prospective Studies; Quality of Life; Time Factors; Ileostomy; Rectal Neoplasms
Massucco P.; Fontana A.; Mineccia M.; Perotti S.; Ciccone G.; Galassi C.; Giuffrida M.C.; Marino D.; Monsellato I.; Paris M.K.; Perinotti R.; Racca P.; Monagheddu C.; Saccona F.; Ponte E.; Mistrangelo M.; Santarelli M.; Tomaselli F.; Reddavid R.; Birolo S.; Calabro M.; Pipitone N.; Panier Suffat L.; Carrera M.; Potente F.; Brunetti M.; Rimonda R.; Adamo V.; Piscioneri D.; Cravero F.; Serventi A.; Giaminardi E.; Mazza L.; Bellora P.; Colli F.; De Rosa C.; Battafarano F.; Trapani R.; Mellano A.; Gibin E.; Bellomo P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1794903
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