OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the knowledge of vulvar anatomy and vulvar self-examination (VSE) in a sample of Italian women attending a gynecology clinic. METHODS: For this original research from May to July 2019, 512 women attending the Lower Genital Tract Clinic at the Department of Surgical Sciences of the University of Torino were invited to participate in a 29-question survey about vulvar anatomy, VSE, and sociodemographic details. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: Of 512 patients, 500 completed the questionnaire (98% response rate). The mean age of respondents was 41 years (range = 17-77 years). Education level was evenly distributed between elementary, high school, and university graduates. Only 15% of interviewed women were able correctly sketching vulvar anatomy. Seventy-six percent of the women had not heard about VSE, and 61% of the women approach their genitalia with feelings of shame and embarrassment. Only 23% of the women would seek medical advice after identification of possible abnormalities during VSE. A majority (69%) of the women would like to have more information about VSE and vulvar health through educational videos and social media. CONCLUSIONS: Education about VSE may lead to earlier diagnosis of vulvar cancers and other pathologies. Further efforts are needed to disperse information about normal external female genital anatomy and VSE to achieve self-confidence among women.

Knowledge of Vulvar Anatomy and Self-examination in a Sample of Italian Women

Preti M.
First
;
Bevilacqua F.
;
Borella F.;Gallio N.;Cosma S.;Micheletti L.;Benedetto C.
Last
2021

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the knowledge of vulvar anatomy and vulvar self-examination (VSE) in a sample of Italian women attending a gynecology clinic. METHODS: For this original research from May to July 2019, 512 women attending the Lower Genital Tract Clinic at the Department of Surgical Sciences of the University of Torino were invited to participate in a 29-question survey about vulvar anatomy, VSE, and sociodemographic details. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: Of 512 patients, 500 completed the questionnaire (98% response rate). The mean age of respondents was 41 years (range = 17-77 years). Education level was evenly distributed between elementary, high school, and university graduates. Only 15% of interviewed women were able correctly sketching vulvar anatomy. Seventy-six percent of the women had not heard about VSE, and 61% of the women approach their genitalia with feelings of shame and embarrassment. Only 23% of the women would seek medical advice after identification of possible abnormalities during VSE. A majority (69%) of the women would like to have more information about VSE and vulvar health through educational videos and social media. CONCLUSIONS: Education about VSE may lead to earlier diagnosis of vulvar cancers and other pathologies. Further efforts are needed to disperse information about normal external female genital anatomy and VSE to achieve self-confidence among women.
25
2
166
171
https://journals.lww.com/jlgtd/Fulltext/2021/04000/Knowledge_of_Vulvar_Anatomy_and_Self_examination.15.aspx
vulva; vulvar health; vulvar self-examination; questionnaire; female external genitalia; anatomy
Preti M.; Selk A.; Stockdale C.; Bevilacqua F.; Vieira-Baptista P.; Borella F.; Gallio N.; Cosma S.; Melo C.; Micheletti L.; Benedetto C.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2021_Preti-Benedetto_Knowledge_of_Vulvar_Anatomy_and_Self_examination.15.pdf

Accesso riservato

Tipo di file: PDF EDITORIALE
Dimensione 575.69 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
575.69 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1795320
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 5
  • Scopus 6
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact