In glioblastoma (GBM), the most frequent and lethal brain tumor, therapies suppressing recurrently altered signaling pathways failed to extend survival. However, in patient subsets, specific genetic lesions can confer sensitivity to targeted agents. By exploiting an integrated model based on patient-derived stem-like cells, faithfully recapitulating the original GBMs in vitro and in vivo, here we identify a human GBM subset (~9% of all GBMs) characterized by ERBB3 overexpression and nuclear accumulation. This is driven by inheritable promoter methylation or post-transcriptional silencing of the oncosuppressor miR-205 and sustains the malignant phenotype. Overexpressed ERBB3 behaves, unexpectedly, as a specific signaling platform for FGFR, driving PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway hyperactivation, and overall metabolic upregulation. As result, ERBB3 inhibition by specific antibodies is lethal for GBM stem-like cells and xenotransplants. These findings highlight a subset of patients eligible to ERBB3-targeted therapy.

ERBB3 overexpression due to miR-205 inactivation confers sensitivity to FGF, metabolic activation, and liability to ERBB3 targeting in glioblastoma

Reato, Gigliola;Boccaccio, Carla
2021

Abstract

In glioblastoma (GBM), the most frequent and lethal brain tumor, therapies suppressing recurrently altered signaling pathways failed to extend survival. However, in patient subsets, specific genetic lesions can confer sensitivity to targeted agents. By exploiting an integrated model based on patient-derived stem-like cells, faithfully recapitulating the original GBMs in vitro and in vivo, here we identify a human GBM subset (~9% of all GBMs) characterized by ERBB3 overexpression and nuclear accumulation. This is driven by inheritable promoter methylation or post-transcriptional silencing of the oncosuppressor miR-205 and sustains the malignant phenotype. Overexpressed ERBB3 behaves, unexpectedly, as a specific signaling platform for FGFR, driving PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway hyperactivation, and overall metabolic upregulation. As result, ERBB3 inhibition by specific antibodies is lethal for GBM stem-like cells and xenotransplants. These findings highlight a subset of patients eligible to ERBB3-targeted therapy.
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https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S221112472100872X?via=ihub
De Bacco, Francesca; Orzan, Francesca; Erriquez, Jessica; Casanova, Elena; Barault, Ludovic; Albano, Raffaella; D’Ambrosio, Antonio; Bigatto, Viola; Reato, Gigliola; Patanè, Monica; Pollo, Bianca; Kuesters, Geoffrey; Dell’Aglio, Carmine; Casorzo, Laura; Pellegatta, Serena; Finocchiaro, Gaetano; Comoglio, Paolo M.; Boccaccio, Carla
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1795377
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