Adult-onset Still's Disease (AOSD) is a systemic inflammatory condition, mainly characterized by high spiking fevers, leukocytosis, skin rash, arthralgia and myalgia. Liver involvement is a frequent feature, usually presenting with hepatomegaly and mild liver enzymes abnormalities, which usually normalize after treatment with anti-inflammatory or immunomodulatory drugs given for AOSD. Although uncommon, the onset of severe acute hepatitis and even of life-threatening liver failure is possible and requires a prompt diagnosis and an aggressive therapy and, in some cases, an emergency liver transplantation. The differential diagnosis of the cause of the liver injury can be very challenging in these patients.
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