Extraintestinal cancers are important complications in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). A limited number of publications are available regarding the association between IBD and urothelial cancer. The primary outcome of our study was the comparison of the prevalence of urothelial cancer in patients with IBD with respect to the prevalence in the general population. Secondary outcomes were the assessment of risk factors for the onset of urothelial cancer in IBD. In a retrospective study we examined the medical records of all patients with a confirmed diagnosis of IBD followed in our clinic between 1978 and 2021. For each of the patients with identified urothelial cancer, more than ten patients without cancer were analyzed. Furthermore, 5739 patients with IBD were analyzed and 24 patients diagnosed with urothelial cancer were identified. The incidence of urothelial cancer, compared with the incidence in the general population, was not significantly different (0.42% vs. 0.42%; p = 0.98). Twenty-three cases were then compared (1 case was discarded due to lack of follow-up data) against 250 controls. During the multivariate analysis, smoking (odds ratio, OR = 8.15; 95% confidence interval, CI = 1.76-37.63; p = 0.007) and male sex (OR = 4.04; 95% CI = 1.29-12.66; p = 0.016) were found as risk factors. In conclusion, patients with IBD have a similar risk of developing urothelial cancer compared to the general population, but males with a history of smoking are at increased risk.

Risk Factors of Urothelial Cancer in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Caviglia, Gian Paolo
First
;
Martini, Giorgio;Armandi, Angelo
;
Rosso, Chiara;Bugianesi, Elisabetta;Astegiano, Marco;Saracco, Giorgio Maria;Ribaldone, Davide Giuseppe
Last
2021

Abstract

Extraintestinal cancers are important complications in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). A limited number of publications are available regarding the association between IBD and urothelial cancer. The primary outcome of our study was the comparison of the prevalence of urothelial cancer in patients with IBD with respect to the prevalence in the general population. Secondary outcomes were the assessment of risk factors for the onset of urothelial cancer in IBD. In a retrospective study we examined the medical records of all patients with a confirmed diagnosis of IBD followed in our clinic between 1978 and 2021. For each of the patients with identified urothelial cancer, more than ten patients without cancer were analyzed. Furthermore, 5739 patients with IBD were analyzed and 24 patients diagnosed with urothelial cancer were identified. The incidence of urothelial cancer, compared with the incidence in the general population, was not significantly different (0.42% vs. 0.42%; p = 0.98). Twenty-three cases were then compared (1 case was discarded due to lack of follow-up data) against 250 controls. During the multivariate analysis, smoking (odds ratio, OR = 8.15; 95% confidence interval, CI = 1.76-37.63; p = 0.007) and male sex (OR = 4.04; 95% CI = 1.29-12.66; p = 0.016) were found as risk factors. In conclusion, patients with IBD have a similar risk of developing urothelial cancer compared to the general population, but males with a history of smoking are at increased risk.
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Crohn’s disease; bladder; malignant; neoplasm; ulcerative colitis; ureter; urethra; urinary; urothelium
Caviglia, Gian Paolo; Martini, Giorgio; Armandi, Angelo; Rosso, Chiara; Vernero, Marta; Bugianesi, Elisabetta; Astegiano, Marco; Saracco, Giorgio Maria; Ribaldone, Davide Giuseppe
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1796215
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