BACKGROUND: Ascending aorta dilatation is found in 13% of hypertensive patients. Little is known about elastic properties of ascending aorta in such patients. Echo-based transverse aortic strain analysis can describe mechanical properties of ascending aorta but has never been applied to patients with ascending aorta dilatation. AIM: To assess mechanical properties of ascending aorta by transverse aortic strain analysis (as β2-stiffness index) in hypertensive patients with ascending aorta dilatation and association between mechanical properties of ascending aorta and cardiovascular damage. METHODS: A total of 100 hypertensive outpatients underwent transthoracic echocardiography and assessment of pulse wave velocity (PWV). Strain analysis of ascending aorta was performed with echocardiographic speckle-tracking software. Patients were divided in three groups based on ascending aorta diameter: less than 40, 40-45, and at least 45 mm. RESULTS: Beta-SI increased exponentially with ascending aorta dimensions (P < 0.001). Patients with ascending aorta dilatation had Beta-SI significantly higher than those with normal ascending aorta diameter. A greater proportion of patient with impaired (i.e., elevated) Beta-SI was present in groups with larger ascending aorta (18.2 vs. 48.4 vs. 80%, respectively, P < 0.05). On multivariate logistic regression only impaired Beta-SI predicted ascending aorta dilatation (P < 0.001). Beta-SI was related to cardiovascular damage in terms of left ventricular (LV) mass (LV mass indexed to BSA, P = 0.030) and PWV (P = 0.028). Patients with high Beta-SI had greater LV mass indexed to BSA (117 ± 47 vs. 94 ± 24 g/m2; P = 0.010) and PWV (10.20 ± 2.99 vs. 8.63 ± 1.88 m/s; P = 0.013). CONCLUSION: Ascending aorta dilatation is associated with increased local aortic stiffness in hypertensive patients. Strain analysis adds functional information to the mere morphological evaluation of aortic diameter and could be a useful tool to better define cardiovascular risk in this population.

Local transversal aortic strain is impaired in ascending aorta dilatation

Cesareo M.;Leone D.;Avenatti E.;Astarita A.;Mingrone G.;Airale L.;Veglio F.;Vallelonga F.;Milan A.
2021

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Ascending aorta dilatation is found in 13% of hypertensive patients. Little is known about elastic properties of ascending aorta in such patients. Echo-based transverse aortic strain analysis can describe mechanical properties of ascending aorta but has never been applied to patients with ascending aorta dilatation. AIM: To assess mechanical properties of ascending aorta by transverse aortic strain analysis (as β2-stiffness index) in hypertensive patients with ascending aorta dilatation and association between mechanical properties of ascending aorta and cardiovascular damage. METHODS: A total of 100 hypertensive outpatients underwent transthoracic echocardiography and assessment of pulse wave velocity (PWV). Strain analysis of ascending aorta was performed with echocardiographic speckle-tracking software. Patients were divided in three groups based on ascending aorta diameter: less than 40, 40-45, and at least 45 mm. RESULTS: Beta-SI increased exponentially with ascending aorta dimensions (P < 0.001). Patients with ascending aorta dilatation had Beta-SI significantly higher than those with normal ascending aorta diameter. A greater proportion of patient with impaired (i.e., elevated) Beta-SI was present in groups with larger ascending aorta (18.2 vs. 48.4 vs. 80%, respectively, P < 0.05). On multivariate logistic regression only impaired Beta-SI predicted ascending aorta dilatation (P < 0.001). Beta-SI was related to cardiovascular damage in terms of left ventricular (LV) mass (LV mass indexed to BSA, P = 0.030) and PWV (P = 0.028). Patients with high Beta-SI had greater LV mass indexed to BSA (117 ± 47 vs. 94 ± 24 g/m2; P = 0.010) and PWV (10.20 ± 2.99 vs. 8.63 ± 1.88 m/s; P = 0.013). CONCLUSION: Ascending aorta dilatation is associated with increased local aortic stiffness in hypertensive patients. Strain analysis adds functional information to the mere morphological evaluation of aortic diameter and could be a useful tool to better define cardiovascular risk in this population.
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aortic stiffness; aortic strain; ascending aorta dilatation; speckle-tracking echocardiography; strain analysis
Cesareo M.; Sabia L.; Leone D.; Avenatti E.; Astarita A.; Mingrone G.; Airale L.; Veglio F.; Vallelonga F.; Milan A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1796301
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