The speciation of framework-interacting Cu-II sites in Cu-chabazite zeolite catalysts active in the selective catalytic reduction of NOx with NH3 is studied, to investigate the influence of the Al content on the copper structure and their reactivity towards a NO/O-2 mixture. To this aim, three samples with similar Cu densities and different Si/Al ratios (5, 15 and 29) were studied using in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), FTIR and diffuse reflectance UV-Vis during pretreatment in O-2 followed by the reaction. XAS and UV-Vis data clearly show the main presence of Z(2)Cu(II) sites (with Z representing a framework negative charge) at a low Si/Al ratio, as predicted. EXAFS wavelet transform analysis showed a non-negligible fraction of proximal Z(2)Cu(II) monomers, possibly stabilized into two 6-membered rings within the same cage. These sites are not able to form Cu-nitrates by interaction with NO/O-2. By contrast, framework-anchored Z[Cu-II(NO3)] complexes with a chelating bidentate structure are formed in samples with a higher Si/Al ratio, by reaction of NO/O-2 with Z[Cu-II(OH)] sites or structurally similar mono- or multi-copper Z(x)[(CuxOy)-O-II] sites. Linear combination fit (LCF) analysis of the XAS data showed good agreement between the fraction of Z[Cu-II(OH)]/Z(x)[(CuxOy)-O-II] sites formed during activation in O-2 and that of Z[Cu-II(NO3)] complexes formed by reaction with NO/O-2, further confirming the chemical inertia of Z(2)Cu(II) towards these reactants in the absence of solvating NH3 molecules.

Investigating the role of Cu-oxo species in Cu-nitrate formation over Cu-CHA catalysts

Negri C.;Martini A.;Deplano G.;Lomachenko K. A.;Janssens T. V. W.;Borfecchia E.;Berlier G.;Bordiga S.
2021-01-01

Abstract

The speciation of framework-interacting Cu-II sites in Cu-chabazite zeolite catalysts active in the selective catalytic reduction of NOx with NH3 is studied, to investigate the influence of the Al content on the copper structure and their reactivity towards a NO/O-2 mixture. To this aim, three samples with similar Cu densities and different Si/Al ratios (5, 15 and 29) were studied using in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), FTIR and diffuse reflectance UV-Vis during pretreatment in O-2 followed by the reaction. XAS and UV-Vis data clearly show the main presence of Z(2)Cu(II) sites (with Z representing a framework negative charge) at a low Si/Al ratio, as predicted. EXAFS wavelet transform analysis showed a non-negligible fraction of proximal Z(2)Cu(II) monomers, possibly stabilized into two 6-membered rings within the same cage. These sites are not able to form Cu-nitrates by interaction with NO/O-2. By contrast, framework-anchored Z[Cu-II(NO3)] complexes with a chelating bidentate structure are formed in samples with a higher Si/Al ratio, by reaction of NO/O-2 with Z[Cu-II(OH)] sites or structurally similar mono- or multi-copper Z(x)[(CuxOy)-O-II] sites. Linear combination fit (LCF) analysis of the XAS data showed good agreement between the fraction of Z[Cu-II(OH)]/Z(x)[(CuxOy)-O-II] sites formed during activation in O-2 and that of Z[Cu-II(NO3)] complexes formed by reaction with NO/O-2, further confirming the chemical inertia of Z(2)Cu(II) towards these reactants in the absence of solvating NH3 molecules.
2021
23
34
18322
18337
https://pubs.rsc.org/en-ca/content/articlelanding/2021/cp/d1cp01754c
deNOx, NH3-SCR, Cu-zeolite, chabazite, XAS, FTIR, Diffuse Reflectance UV-Vis, nitrate
Negri C.; Martini A.; Deplano G.; Lomachenko K.A.; Janssens T.V.W.; Borfecchia E.; Berlier G.; Bordiga S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1801880
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