OBJECTIVETo compare the effects of tiludronate disodium and 3 other medical treatments on clinical and radiographic findings and biomarkers of disease progression in horses with osteoarthritis of the fetlock joint.ANIMALS100 Standardbred racehorses with spontaneous traumatic injury of the fetlock joint.PROCEDURESHorses were retrospectively grouped by whether they received tiludronate IV or triamcinolone acetonide and hyaluronan, polysulfated glycosaminoglycan, or interleukin-1 receptor antagonist protein intra-articularly. Data were collected on clinical, radiographic, and ultrasonographic findings and results for serum and synovial samples obtained before and 6 months after treatment. Lameness score, joint flexion test response, radiographic score, serum concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and carboxy-terminal telopeptides of collagen types I and II (CTX-I and II, respectively), and synovial fluid concentrations of interleukin-1 beta, prostaglandin E-2, and CTX-II were compared among treatments.RESULTSAll treatments resulted in a significant improvement in lameness score and joint flexion test response at 6 months. In horses that received triamcinolone acetonide and hyaluronan, synovial fluid interleukin-1 beta, prostaglandin E-2, and CTX-II concentrations decreased after treatment, suggesting this treatment inhibited progression of hyaline cartilage degeneration and inflammatory processes. Horses that received tiludronate were the only group that had a decrease in radiographic score and serum CTX-I concentration after treatment, supporting the effect of tiludronate on bone metabolism. Tiludronate treatment was also followed by increases in serum and synovial fluid concentrations of CTX-II, a marker of cartilage damage.CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCETiludronate appeared to inhibit the radiographic progression of osteoarthritis in high-motion joints of racehorses at 6 months after treatment by inhibiting subchondral bone remodeling. Whether this effect was associated with a worsening of progressive cartilage damage remains to be ascertained.

Effect of intravenous tiludronate disodium administration on the radiographic progression of osteoarthritis of the fetlock joint in Standardbred racehorses

Bertuglia, A
First
;
Basano, I;Pagliara, E;Spinella, G;Bullone, M
2021

Abstract

OBJECTIVETo compare the effects of tiludronate disodium and 3 other medical treatments on clinical and radiographic findings and biomarkers of disease progression in horses with osteoarthritis of the fetlock joint.ANIMALS100 Standardbred racehorses with spontaneous traumatic injury of the fetlock joint.PROCEDURESHorses were retrospectively grouped by whether they received tiludronate IV or triamcinolone acetonide and hyaluronan, polysulfated glycosaminoglycan, or interleukin-1 receptor antagonist protein intra-articularly. Data were collected on clinical, radiographic, and ultrasonographic findings and results for serum and synovial samples obtained before and 6 months after treatment. Lameness score, joint flexion test response, radiographic score, serum concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and carboxy-terminal telopeptides of collagen types I and II (CTX-I and II, respectively), and synovial fluid concentrations of interleukin-1 beta, prostaglandin E-2, and CTX-II were compared among treatments.RESULTSAll treatments resulted in a significant improvement in lameness score and joint flexion test response at 6 months. In horses that received triamcinolone acetonide and hyaluronan, synovial fluid interleukin-1 beta, prostaglandin E-2, and CTX-II concentrations decreased after treatment, suggesting this treatment inhibited progression of hyaline cartilage degeneration and inflammatory processes. Horses that received tiludronate were the only group that had a decrease in radiographic score and serum CTX-I concentration after treatment, supporting the effect of tiludronate on bone metabolism. Tiludronate treatment was also followed by increases in serum and synovial fluid concentrations of CTX-II, a marker of cartilage damage.CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCETiludronate appeared to inhibit the radiographic progression of osteoarthritis in high-motion joints of racehorses at 6 months after treatment by inhibiting subchondral bone remodeling. Whether this effect was associated with a worsening of progressive cartilage damage remains to be ascertained.
259
6
651
661
Osteoarthritis, Tiludronate disodium, Standardbred racehorses, Fetlock joint, Biomarkers
Bertuglia, A; Basano, I; Pagliara, E; Bottegaro, NB; Spinella, G; Bullone, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1802003
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