Background: Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is a non-Hodgkin’s B-cell tumor that can be classified into three variants, based on clinical characteristics and epidemiology: endemic, human immunodeficiency-related and sporadic. Oral sporadic BL is quite an unusual entity, with the gastrointestinal trait being often the first site of appearance. Clinical finding: A 15-year-old patient that presented a symptomatic swelling of the right maxilla, unsuccessfully treated as a primary endodontic disease, displaying solid tissue on CT scan, “starry sky” pattern on oral biopsy, multifocal bone and lymph node uptake on PET. Diagnoses, interventions, and outcomes: A diagnosis of stage IV BL was formulated; Rituximab was then administered for three months according to Inter-B-NHL ritux 2010 protocol and CYM (cytarabine and methotrexate) chemotherapy. The patient was followed-up for three years, with no recurrence. Conclusion: It is important for general dental practitioners to suspect a malignancy in the differential diagnosis of unresponsive odontogenic infections in young healthy patients.

Case report: Sporadic Burkitt Lymphoma misdiagnosed as dental abscess in a 15-year-old girl.

Cabras M.;Arduino P. G.;Broccoletti R.;Carbone M.
2018

Abstract

Background: Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is a non-Hodgkin’s B-cell tumor that can be classified into three variants, based on clinical characteristics and epidemiology: endemic, human immunodeficiency-related and sporadic. Oral sporadic BL is quite an unusual entity, with the gastrointestinal trait being often the first site of appearance. Clinical finding: A 15-year-old patient that presented a symptomatic swelling of the right maxilla, unsuccessfully treated as a primary endodontic disease, displaying solid tissue on CT scan, “starry sky” pattern on oral biopsy, multifocal bone and lymph node uptake on PET. Diagnoses, interventions, and outcomes: A diagnosis of stage IV BL was formulated; Rituximab was then administered for three months according to Inter-B-NHL ritux 2010 protocol and CYM (cytarabine and methotrexate) chemotherapy. The patient was followed-up for three years, with no recurrence. Conclusion: It is important for general dental practitioners to suspect a malignancy in the differential diagnosis of unresponsive odontogenic infections in young healthy patients.
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Burkitt lymphoma; Dental abscess; Oral cavity; Paediatric
Cabras M.; Arduino P.G.; Chiusa L.; Broccoletti R.; Carbone M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1805863
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