Background: An acute vasodilator challenge is recommended in patients with heart failure and pulmonary hypertension during heart transplant evaluation. The aim of the study was to assess which hemodynamic parameters are associated with nonresponsiveness to the challenge. Methods and Results: This study is a retrospective analysis of 402 patients with heart failure with pulmonary hypertension who underwent right heart catheterization and a pulmonary vasodilator challenge. Among the 140 who fulfilled the transplant guidelines eligibility criteria for the vasodilator challenge, 38 were responders and 102 nonresponders. At multivariable analysis, a diastolic blood pressure of <70 mm Hg, pulmonary vascular resistance of >5 Woods units, and pulmonary artery compliance of <1.2 mL/mm Hg were independently associated with poor response to vasodilator challenge (all P < .001). The presence of any 2 of these 3 conditions was associated with a 90% probability of being a nonresponder. The covariate-adjusted hemodynamic predictors of death in the entire population were a low baseline systolic blood pressure (P = .0017) and a low baseline right ventricular stroke work index (P = .0395). Conclusions: In patients with heart failure and pulmonary hypertension, low pulmonary arterial compliance, high pulmonary vascular resistance, and low diastolic blood pressure predict the nonresponsiveness to acute vasodilator challenge whilst a poor right ventricular function predicts a dismal prognosis.

Nonresponse to Acute Vasodilator Challenge and Prognosis in Heart Failure With Pulmonary Hypertension

Boffini M.;Marro M.;Rinaldi M.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Background: An acute vasodilator challenge is recommended in patients with heart failure and pulmonary hypertension during heart transplant evaluation. The aim of the study was to assess which hemodynamic parameters are associated with nonresponsiveness to the challenge. Methods and Results: This study is a retrospective analysis of 402 patients with heart failure with pulmonary hypertension who underwent right heart catheterization and a pulmonary vasodilator challenge. Among the 140 who fulfilled the transplant guidelines eligibility criteria for the vasodilator challenge, 38 were responders and 102 nonresponders. At multivariable analysis, a diastolic blood pressure of <70 mm Hg, pulmonary vascular resistance of >5 Woods units, and pulmonary artery compliance of <1.2 mL/mm Hg were independently associated with poor response to vasodilator challenge (all P < .001). The presence of any 2 of these 3 conditions was associated with a 90% probability of being a nonresponder. The covariate-adjusted hemodynamic predictors of death in the entire population were a low baseline systolic blood pressure (P = .0017) and a low baseline right ventricular stroke work index (P = .0395). Conclusions: In patients with heart failure and pulmonary hypertension, low pulmonary arterial compliance, high pulmonary vascular resistance, and low diastolic blood pressure predict the nonresponsiveness to acute vasodilator challenge whilst a poor right ventricular function predicts a dismal prognosis.
2021
27
8
869
876
left heart disease; Pulmonary hypertension; pulmonary vascular disease
Ghio S.; Crimi G.; Houston B.; Montalto C.; Garascia A.; Boffini M.; Temporelli P.L.; La Rovere M.T.; Pacileo G.; Panneerselvam K.; Santolamazza C.; D'angelo L.; Moschella M.; Scelsi L.; Marro M.; Masarone D.; Ameri P.; Rinaldi M.; Guazzi M.; D'alto M.; Tedford R.J.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1806960
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