Introduction: Asthmatics can experience recurrent exacerbations (AEs), irrespectively of asthma severity. Airway inflammatory monitoring could be fundamental to optimize the asthma management. The present study evaluated whether exhaled NO concentrations in proximal and distal respiratory compartments are different in AE-prone patients in combination with T2 blood biomarkers and resting oxygen saturation (SpO(2)). Methods: In this observational cross-sectional study, 91 mild-to-severe asthmatics were enrolled. Clinical characteristics, blood and lung function parameters including SpO(2), and FENO were evaluated. On 50 randomly selected patients, CANO and J(aw)NO were also analyzed. Then, patients were stratified in frequent exacerbators (FEs) or non-frequent exacerbators (nFEs), according to AE frequency in the previous year (phase I). Chart data were re-evaluated through a 12-month follow-up period post exhaled NO measurement to detect occurrence of novel AE (phase II). Results: FE asthmatics had poorer asthma control and required higher therapeutic intensity (p < 0.05). FENO, CANO, and J(aw)NO were similar between FE and nFE. FE exhibited higher total serum IgE levels and residual volume values but reduced SpO(2) than nFE (p < 0.05); SpO(2)<96.5% characterized the FE patient (odds ratio = 2.94). In phase II, CANO was higher in the group with novel AE at 1-month post-NO measurement (p < 0.05), but not afterward. A higher prevalence of CANO >6 ppb was detected in asthmatics who developed AE within 1 month, suggesting its potential clinical use as biomarker in predicting near-future AE (RR = 11.20). Conclusion: AE-susceptible asthmatics are characterized by air trapping and distal airway inflammation in conjunction with lower oxygen saturation. CANO and SpO(2) could exert specific roles, respectively, in predicting AE and monitoring FE asthmatics.

Alveolar Nitric Oxide and Peripheral Oxygen Saturation in Frequent Exacerbators with Asthma: A Pilot Study

Sprio, AE
Co-first
;
Bertolini, F
Co-first
;
Levra, S;Carriero, V;Ricciardolo, FLM
2021

Abstract

Introduction: Asthmatics can experience recurrent exacerbations (AEs), irrespectively of asthma severity. Airway inflammatory monitoring could be fundamental to optimize the asthma management. The present study evaluated whether exhaled NO concentrations in proximal and distal respiratory compartments are different in AE-prone patients in combination with T2 blood biomarkers and resting oxygen saturation (SpO(2)). Methods: In this observational cross-sectional study, 91 mild-to-severe asthmatics were enrolled. Clinical characteristics, blood and lung function parameters including SpO(2), and FENO were evaluated. On 50 randomly selected patients, CANO and J(aw)NO were also analyzed. Then, patients were stratified in frequent exacerbators (FEs) or non-frequent exacerbators (nFEs), according to AE frequency in the previous year (phase I). Chart data were re-evaluated through a 12-month follow-up period post exhaled NO measurement to detect occurrence of novel AE (phase II). Results: FE asthmatics had poorer asthma control and required higher therapeutic intensity (p < 0.05). FENO, CANO, and J(aw)NO were similar between FE and nFE. FE exhibited higher total serum IgE levels and residual volume values but reduced SpO(2) than nFE (p < 0.05); SpO(2)<96.5% characterized the FE patient (odds ratio = 2.94). In phase II, CANO was higher in the group with novel AE at 1-month post-NO measurement (p < 0.05), but not afterward. A higher prevalence of CANO >6 ppb was detected in asthmatics who developed AE within 1 month, suggesting its potential clinical use as biomarker in predicting near-future AE (RR = 11.20). Conclusion: AE-susceptible asthmatics are characterized by air trapping and distal airway inflammation in conjunction with lower oxygen saturation. CANO and SpO(2) could exert specific roles, respectively, in predicting AE and monitoring FE asthmatics.
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Asthma exacerbation; FENO; CANO; Oxygen saturation
Sprio, AE; Bertolini, F; Fuca, R; Levra, S; Carriero, V; Hogman, M; Ricciardolo, FLM
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1810652
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