Seven biochars (BCs) obtained from pyrolysis or gasification of different vegetal feedstocks were thoroughly characterized in comparison with three commercial activated carbons (ACs) routinely used in drinking water treatment plants. BCs and ACs characterization included the determinations of ash, iodine and methylene blue adsorption indexes, and the release of metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, which were performed according to international standards applied for adsorption media to be used in drinking waters. Total specific surface area, micropore and mesopore specific surface area, pH of the point of zero charge, and the release of polychlorinated biphenyls were also determined in all chars. Principal component analysis and cluster analysis were performed in order to summarize the complex set of information deriving from the aforementioned characterizations, highlighting the BC most similar (BC6 from high temperature gasification of woody biomass) and most different (BC7 from low-temperature pyrolysis of corn cob) from ACs. These BCs were studied for their adsorption in ultrapure water towards diiodoacetic acid (an emergent disinfection by-product), benzene, and 1.2-dichlorobenzene, in comparison with ACs, and results obtained were fitted by linearized Freundlich equation. Overall, BC6 showed higher sorption performances compared to BC7, even though both BCs were less performing sorbents than ACs. However, the sorption properties of BCs were maintained also in real water samples collected from drinking water treatment plants.

Biochars intended for water filtration: A comparative study with activated carbons of their physicochemical properties and removal efficiency towards neutral and anionic organic pollutants

Castiglioni M.
First
;
Rivoira L.;Ingrando I.;Bruzzoniti M. C.
Last
2022-01-01

Abstract

Seven biochars (BCs) obtained from pyrolysis or gasification of different vegetal feedstocks were thoroughly characterized in comparison with three commercial activated carbons (ACs) routinely used in drinking water treatment plants. BCs and ACs characterization included the determinations of ash, iodine and methylene blue adsorption indexes, and the release of metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, which were performed according to international standards applied for adsorption media to be used in drinking waters. Total specific surface area, micropore and mesopore specific surface area, pH of the point of zero charge, and the release of polychlorinated biphenyls were also determined in all chars. Principal component analysis and cluster analysis were performed in order to summarize the complex set of information deriving from the aforementioned characterizations, highlighting the BC most similar (BC6 from high temperature gasification of woody biomass) and most different (BC7 from low-temperature pyrolysis of corn cob) from ACs. These BCs were studied for their adsorption in ultrapure water towards diiodoacetic acid (an emergent disinfection by-product), benzene, and 1.2-dichlorobenzene, in comparison with ACs, and results obtained were fitted by linearized Freundlich equation. Overall, BC6 showed higher sorption performances compared to BC7, even though both BCs were less performing sorbents than ACs. However, the sorption properties of BCs were maintained also in real water samples collected from drinking water treatment plants.
2022
288
132538
1
10
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0045653521030101
Drinking water plant; Filtration media; Gasification; Metal release; PAH and PCB release; Pyrolysis
Castiglioni M.; Rivoira L.; Ingrando I.; Meucci L.; Binetti R.; Fungi M.; El-Ghadraoui A.; Bakari Z.; Del Bubba M.; Bruzzoniti M.C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1818401
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