The crosstalk among cancer cells (CCs) and stromal cells within the tumor microenviron-ment (TME) has a prominent role in cancer progression. The significance of endothelial cells (ECs) in this scenario relies on multiple vascular functions. By forming new blood vessels, ECs support tumor growth. In addition to their angiogenic properties, tumor-associated ECs (TECs) establish a unique vascular niche that actively modulates cancer development by shuttling a selected pattern of factors and metabolites to the CC. The profile of secreted metabolites is strictly dependent on the metabolic status of the cell, which is markedly perturbed in TECs. Recent evidence highlights the involvement of heme metabolism in the regulation of energy metabolism in TECs. The present study shows that interfering with endothelial heme metabolism by targeting the cell membrane heme exporter Feline Leukemia Virus subgroup C Receptor 1a (FLVCR1a) in TECs, resulted in enhanced fatty acid oxidation (FAO). Moreover, FAO-derived acetyl-CoA was partly consumed through ketogenesis, resulting in ketone bodies (KBs) accumulation in FLVCR1a-deficient TECs. Finally, the results from this study also demonstrate that TECs-derived KBs can be secreted in the extracellular environment, inducing a metabolic rewiring in the CC. Taken together, these data may contribute to finding new metabolic vulnerabilities for cancer therapy.

Endothelial heme dynamics drive cancer cell metabolism by shaping the tumor microenvironment

Petrillo S.;De Giorgio F.;Kopecka J.;Genova T.;Fiorito V.;Allocco A. L.;Bertino F.;Chiabrando D.;Mussano F.;Altruda F.;Munaron L.;Riganti C.;Tolosano E.
2021

Abstract

The crosstalk among cancer cells (CCs) and stromal cells within the tumor microenviron-ment (TME) has a prominent role in cancer progression. The significance of endothelial cells (ECs) in this scenario relies on multiple vascular functions. By forming new blood vessels, ECs support tumor growth. In addition to their angiogenic properties, tumor-associated ECs (TECs) establish a unique vascular niche that actively modulates cancer development by shuttling a selected pattern of factors and metabolites to the CC. The profile of secreted metabolites is strictly dependent on the metabolic status of the cell, which is markedly perturbed in TECs. Recent evidence highlights the involvement of heme metabolism in the regulation of energy metabolism in TECs. The present study shows that interfering with endothelial heme metabolism by targeting the cell membrane heme exporter Feline Leukemia Virus subgroup C Receptor 1a (FLVCR1a) in TECs, resulted in enhanced fatty acid oxidation (FAO). Moreover, FAO-derived acetyl-CoA was partly consumed through ketogenesis, resulting in ketone bodies (KBs) accumulation in FLVCR1a-deficient TECs. Finally, the results from this study also demonstrate that TECs-derived KBs can be secreted in the extracellular environment, inducing a metabolic rewiring in the CC. Taken together, these data may contribute to finding new metabolic vulnerabilities for cancer therapy.
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Cancer cell metabolism; Endothelial cell metabolism; FLVCR1a; Heme metabolism; Ketone bodies; Tumor endothelial cells; Tumor microenvironment
Petrillo S.; De Giorgio F.; Kopecka J.; Genova T.; Fiorito V.; Allocco A.L.; Bertino F.; Chiabrando D.; Mussano F.; Altruda F.; Munaron L.; Riganti C.; Tolosano E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1824282
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