Thanks to development of erlotinib and other target therapy drugs the lung cancer treatment have improved a lot in recent years. However, erlotinib-resistant lung cancer remains an unsolved clinical problem which demands for new therapeutics to be developed. Herein we report the synthesis of a library of 1,4- and 1,5-triazole ferrocenyl derivatives of erlotinib together with their anticancer activity studies against erlotinib-sensitive A549 and H1395 as well as erlotinib-resistant H1650 and H1975 cells. Studies showed that extend of anticancer activity is mainly related to the length of the spacer between the triazole and the ferrocenyl entity. Among the series of investigated compounds two isomers commonly bearing C([dbnd]O)CH2CH2 spacer have shown superior to erlotinib activity against erlotinib-resistant H1650 and H1975 cells whereas compound with short methylene spacer devoid of any activity. In-depth biological studies for the most active compound showed differences in its mechanism of action in compare to erlotinib. The latter is known EGFR inhibitor whereas their ferrocenyl congener exerts anticancer activity mainly as ROS-inducer which activates mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis in cancer cells. However, docking studies suggested that the most active compound can also binds to the active site of EGFR TK in a similar way as erlotinib.

Click ferrocenyl-erlotinib conjugates active against erlotinib-resistant non-small cell lung cancer cells in vitro

Godel M.;Riganti C.;Kopecka J.;
2021

Abstract

Thanks to development of erlotinib and other target therapy drugs the lung cancer treatment have improved a lot in recent years. However, erlotinib-resistant lung cancer remains an unsolved clinical problem which demands for new therapeutics to be developed. Herein we report the synthesis of a library of 1,4- and 1,5-triazole ferrocenyl derivatives of erlotinib together with their anticancer activity studies against erlotinib-sensitive A549 and H1395 as well as erlotinib-resistant H1650 and H1975 cells. Studies showed that extend of anticancer activity is mainly related to the length of the spacer between the triazole and the ferrocenyl entity. Among the series of investigated compounds two isomers commonly bearing C([dbnd]O)CH2CH2 spacer have shown superior to erlotinib activity against erlotinib-resistant H1650 and H1975 cells whereas compound with short methylene spacer devoid of any activity. In-depth biological studies for the most active compound showed differences in its mechanism of action in compare to erlotinib. The latter is known EGFR inhibitor whereas their ferrocenyl congener exerts anticancer activity mainly as ROS-inducer which activates mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis in cancer cells. However, docking studies suggested that the most active compound can also binds to the active site of EGFR TK in a similar way as erlotinib.
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105514
105528
Click chemistry; Drug resistance; Erlotinib; Ferrocene; Lung cancer
Bieganski P.; Godel M.; Riganti C.; Kawano D.F.; Kopecka J.; Kowalski K.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1824284
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