The purpose of this randomized controlled study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of a novel oral spray containing resveratrol (RV) in controlling bacterial biofilm and gingival inflammation in early childhood. RV, a natural polyphenol, known for its anti-inflammatory and anti-infective activities, was included in a nanovector of 2-hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrins (HPβCD) to improve its bioavailability. A total of 64 children between two and five years of age with plaque-induced gingivitis were randomly included in two equal groups. Both groups were enrolled in a mechanical plaque control program for a period of four weeks, while the test group was also instructed to use the RV-HPβCD mouthwash (in spray formulation) once daily, after toothbrushing. All children underwent three oral hygiene motivation sessions, 14 days apart, during which the full-mouth presence of bacterial plaque, gingival inflammation, dental stain and salivary pH were recorded. At two-week appointment, they also received professional plaque removal. The use of RV-based oral spray significantly reduced the amount of dental plaque and the percentage of bleeding sites and improved salivary pH compared to the control group at both two-and four-week examinations. Based on these promising results, the local delivery of RV-HPβCD via oral spray could enhance the control of dental biofilm in early childhood, when antiseptic mouthwashes are not recommended.

An innovative strategy for oral biofilm control in early childhood based on a resveratrol-cyclodextrin nanotechnology approach

Berta G. N.
Co-first
;
Romano F.
Co-first
;
Abbadessa G.;Di Scipio F.;Defabianis P.
Last
2021

Abstract

The purpose of this randomized controlled study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of a novel oral spray containing resveratrol (RV) in controlling bacterial biofilm and gingival inflammation in early childhood. RV, a natural polyphenol, known for its anti-inflammatory and anti-infective activities, was included in a nanovector of 2-hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrins (HPβCD) to improve its bioavailability. A total of 64 children between two and five years of age with plaque-induced gingivitis were randomly included in two equal groups. Both groups were enrolled in a mechanical plaque control program for a period of four weeks, while the test group was also instructed to use the RV-HPβCD mouthwash (in spray formulation) once daily, after toothbrushing. All children underwent three oral hygiene motivation sessions, 14 days apart, during which the full-mouth presence of bacterial plaque, gingival inflammation, dental stain and salivary pH were recorded. At two-week appointment, they also received professional plaque removal. The use of RV-based oral spray significantly reduced the amount of dental plaque and the percentage of bleeding sites and improved salivary pH compared to the control group at both two-and four-week examinations. Based on these promising results, the local delivery of RV-HPβCD via oral spray could enhance the control of dental biofilm in early childhood, when antiseptic mouthwashes are not recommended.
14
14
3801
3811
https://doi.org/ 10.3390/ma14143801
Children; Cyclodextrins; Gingivitis; Oral hygiene; Plaque control; Resveratrol
Berta G.N.; Romano F.; Vallone R.; Abbadessa G.; Di Scipio F.; Defabianis P.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
materials-14-03801-v2 (1).pdf

Accesso aperto

Tipo di file: PDF EDITORIALE
Dimensione 2.96 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.96 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1829139
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact