Network architecture is a brain-organizational motif present across spatial scales from cell assemblies to distributed systems. Structural pathology in some neurodegenerative disorders selectively afflicts a subset of functional networks, motivating the network degeneration hypothesis (NDH). Recent evidence suggests that structural pathology recapitulating physiology may be a general property of neuropsychiatric disorders. To test this possibility, we compared functional and structural network meta-analyses drawing upon the BrainMap database. The functional meta-analysis included results from >7,000 experiments of subjects performing >100 task paradigms; the structural meta-analysis included >2,000 experiments of patients with >40 brain disorders. Structure-function network concordance was high: 68% of networks matched (pFWE < 0.01), confirming the broader scope of NDH. This correspondence persisted across higher model orders. A positive linear association between disease and behavioral entropy (p = 0.0006;R2 = 0.53) suggests nodal stress as a common mechanism. Corroborating this interpretation with independent data, we show that metabolic 'cost' significantly differs along this transdiagnostic/multimodal gradient.

Brain pathology recapitulates physiology: A network meta-analysis

Cauda F.;Costa T.;
2021

Abstract

Network architecture is a brain-organizational motif present across spatial scales from cell assemblies to distributed systems. Structural pathology in some neurodegenerative disorders selectively afflicts a subset of functional networks, motivating the network degeneration hypothesis (NDH). Recent evidence suggests that structural pathology recapitulating physiology may be a general property of neuropsychiatric disorders. To test this possibility, we compared functional and structural network meta-analyses drawing upon the BrainMap database. The functional meta-analysis included results from >7,000 experiments of subjects performing >100 task paradigms; the structural meta-analysis included >2,000 experiments of patients with >40 brain disorders. Structure-function network concordance was high: 68% of networks matched (pFWE < 0.01), confirming the broader scope of NDH. This correspondence persisted across higher model orders. A positive linear association between disease and behavioral entropy (p = 0.0006;R2 = 0.53) suggests nodal stress as a common mechanism. Corroborating this interpretation with independent data, we show that metabolic 'cost' significantly differs along this transdiagnostic/multimodal gradient.
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Brain; Brain Mapping; Case-Control Studies; Humans; Mental Disorders; Nerve Net; Network Meta-Analysis; Neurodegenerative Diseases; Nerve Degeneration
Vanasse T.J.; Fox P.T.; Fox P.M.; Cauda F.; Costa T.; Smith S.M.; Eickhoff S.B.; Lancaster J.L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1832374
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