Background: Tracheostomy can be performed safely in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19). However, little is known about the optimal timing, effects on outcome, and complications. Methods: A multicenter, retrospective, observational study. This study included 153 tracheostomized COVID‐19 patients from 11 intensive care units (ICUs). The primary endpoint was the median time to tracheostomy in critically ill COVID‐19 patients. Secondary endpoints were survival rate, length of ICU stay, and post‐tracheostomy complications, stratified by tracheostomy timing (early versus late) and technique (surgical versus percutaneous). Results: The median time to tracheostomy was 15 (1–64) days. There was no significant difference in survival between critically ill COVID‐19 patients who received tracheostomy before versus after day 15, nor between surgical and percutaneous techniques. ICU length of stay was shorter with early compared to late tracheostomy (p < 0.001) and percutaneous compared to surgical tracheostomy (p = 0.050). The rate of lower respiratory tract infections was higher with surgical versus percutaneous technique (p = 0.007). Conclusions: Among critically ill patients with COVID‐19, neither early nor percutaneous tracheostomy improved outcomes, but did shorten ICU stay. Infectious complications were less frequent with percutaneous than surgical tracheostomy.

Tracheostomy timing and outcome in severe covid‐19: The weantrach multicenter study

Montrucchio G.;Sales G.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Background: Tracheostomy can be performed safely in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19). However, little is known about the optimal timing, effects on outcome, and complications. Methods: A multicenter, retrospective, observational study. This study included 153 tracheostomized COVID‐19 patients from 11 intensive care units (ICUs). The primary endpoint was the median time to tracheostomy in critically ill COVID‐19 patients. Secondary endpoints were survival rate, length of ICU stay, and post‐tracheostomy complications, stratified by tracheostomy timing (early versus late) and technique (surgical versus percutaneous). Results: The median time to tracheostomy was 15 (1–64) days. There was no significant difference in survival between critically ill COVID‐19 patients who received tracheostomy before versus after day 15, nor between surgical and percutaneous techniques. ICU length of stay was shorter with early compared to late tracheostomy (p < 0.001) and percutaneous compared to surgical tracheostomy (p = 0.050). The rate of lower respiratory tract infections was higher with surgical versus percutaneous technique (p = 0.007). Conclusions: Among critically ill patients with COVID‐19, neither early nor percutaneous tracheostomy improved outcomes, but did shorten ICU stay. Infectious complications were less frequent with percutaneous than surgical tracheostomy.
2021
10
12
2651
2664
Coronavirus; COVID‐19; Intensive care; Percutaneous; SARS‐CoV‐2; Surgical technique; Tracheostomy
Battaglini D.; Missale F.; Schiavetti I.; Filauro M.; Iannuzzi F.; Ascoli A.; Bertazzoli A.; Pascucci F.; Grasso S.; Murgolo F.; Binda S.; Maraggia D.; Montrucchio G.; Sales G.; Pascarella G.; Agro F.E.; Faccio G.; Ferraris S.; Spadaro S.; Falo G.; Mereto N.; Uva A.; Maugeri J.G.; Agrippino B.; Vargas M.; Servillo G.; Robba C.; Ball L.; Mora F.; Signori A.; Torres A.; Giacobbe D.R.; Vena A.; Bassetti M.; Peretti G.; Rocco P.R.M.; Pelosi P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1836173
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