Two new solvates of the widely used anthelminthic Praziquantel (PZQ) were obtained through mechanochemical screening with different liquid additives. Specifically, 2-pyrrolidone and acetic acid gave solvates with 1:1 stoichiometry (PZQ-AA and PZQ-2P, respectively). A wide-ranging characterization of the new solid forms was carried out by means of powder X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, FT-IR, solid-state NMR and biopharmaceutical analyses (solubility and intrinsic dissolution studies). Besides, the crystal structures of the two new solvates were solved from their Synchrotron-PXRD pattern: the solvates are isostructural, with equivalent triclinic packing. In both structures acetic acid and 2-pyrrolidone showed a strong interaction with the PZQ molecule via hydrogen bond. Even though previous studies have shown that PZQ is conformationally flexible, the same syn conformation as the PZQ Form A of the C=O groups of the piperazinone-cyclohexylcarbonyl segment is involved in these two new solid forms. In terms of biopharmaceutical properties, PZQ-AA and PZQ-2P exhibited water solubility and intrinsic dissolution rate much greater than those of anhydrous Form A.

Mechanochemical synthesis and physicochemical characterization of previously unreported praziquantel solvates with 2-pyrrolidone and acetic acid

Chierotti M. R.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Two new solvates of the widely used anthelminthic Praziquantel (PZQ) were obtained through mechanochemical screening with different liquid additives. Specifically, 2-pyrrolidone and acetic acid gave solvates with 1:1 stoichiometry (PZQ-AA and PZQ-2P, respectively). A wide-ranging characterization of the new solid forms was carried out by means of powder X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, FT-IR, solid-state NMR and biopharmaceutical analyses (solubility and intrinsic dissolution studies). Besides, the crystal structures of the two new solvates were solved from their Synchrotron-PXRD pattern: the solvates are isostructural, with equivalent triclinic packing. In both structures acetic acid and 2-pyrrolidone showed a strong interaction with the PZQ molecule via hydrogen bond. Even though previous studies have shown that PZQ is conformationally flexible, the same syn conformation as the PZQ Form A of the C=O groups of the piperazinone-cyclohexylcarbonyl segment is involved in these two new solid forms. In terms of biopharmaceutical properties, PZQ-AA and PZQ-2P exhibited water solubility and intrinsic dissolution rate much greater than those of anhydrous Form A.
13
10
1606
1635
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8540171/
2-pyrrolidone; Acetic acid; Liquid-assisted grinding; Mechanochemistry; Praziquantel; Solvates
Zanolla D.; Gigli L.; Hasa D.; Chierotti M.R.; Arhangelskis M.; Demitri N.; Jones W.; Voinovich D.; Perissutti B.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1838438
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