Background: Insulin resistance plays a relevant role in the onset of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and its progression to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and fibrosis. Irisin is an exercise-induced myokine involved in the regulation of energy homeostasis and glucose metabolism. Additionally, pre-clinical models have shown a potential role of irisin in the pathogenesis of NAFLD. The aim of this study is to explore the association between irisin, histological features and biomarkers of liver fibrogenesis in non-diabetic, non-obese, biopsy-proven NAFLD individuals. Methods: Forty-one patients with histological evidence of NAFLD were included. Circulating irisin and direct markers of fibrogenesis N-terminal type III collagen propeptide (PRO-C3) and type VI collagen cleavage product (PRO-C6) were measured by ELISA. Results: Median age of the cohort was 45 years (41–51) and 80.4% were male. Significant fibrosis (stage ≥ 2) was present in 36.6% of cases. Circulating irisin, PRO-C3 and PRO-C6 levels were significantly higher in subjects with fibrosis stage ≥ 2 when compared to those with fibrosis stage < 2 (5.96 ng/mL (95% CI = 4.42–9.19) vs. 2.42 ng/mL (95% CI = 1.73–5.95), p = 0.033; 9.5 ng/mL (95% CI = 7.7–13.6) vs. 6.2 ng/mL (95% CI = 4.9–8.9), p = 0.016; 6.6 ng/mL (95% CI = 5.6–7.9) vs. 5.1 ng/mL (95% CI = 4.2–5.4), p = 0.013, respectively). Irisin levels were similarly distributed between the features of NASH. Circulating irisin positively correlated with both PRO-C3 and PRO-C6 levels (r = 0.47, p = 0.008 and r = 0.46, p = 0.002). Conclusions: Increased circulating irisin levels may identify a more aggressive phenotype of liver disease with increased fibrogenesis and more severe liver damage.

Crosstalk between Irisin Levels, Liver Fibrogenesis and Liver Damage in Non-Obese, Non-Diabetic Individuals with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Armandi A.;Rosso C.;Nicolosi A.;Caviglia G. P.;Abate M. L.;Olivero A.;D'amato D.;Vernero M.;Saracco G. M.;Ribaldone D. G.;Bugianesi E.
2022

Abstract

Background: Insulin resistance plays a relevant role in the onset of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and its progression to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and fibrosis. Irisin is an exercise-induced myokine involved in the regulation of energy homeostasis and glucose metabolism. Additionally, pre-clinical models have shown a potential role of irisin in the pathogenesis of NAFLD. The aim of this study is to explore the association between irisin, histological features and biomarkers of liver fibrogenesis in non-diabetic, non-obese, biopsy-proven NAFLD individuals. Methods: Forty-one patients with histological evidence of NAFLD were included. Circulating irisin and direct markers of fibrogenesis N-terminal type III collagen propeptide (PRO-C3) and type VI collagen cleavage product (PRO-C6) were measured by ELISA. Results: Median age of the cohort was 45 years (41–51) and 80.4% were male. Significant fibrosis (stage ≥ 2) was present in 36.6% of cases. Circulating irisin, PRO-C3 and PRO-C6 levels were significantly higher in subjects with fibrosis stage ≥ 2 when compared to those with fibrosis stage < 2 (5.96 ng/mL (95% CI = 4.42–9.19) vs. 2.42 ng/mL (95% CI = 1.73–5.95), p = 0.033; 9.5 ng/mL (95% CI = 7.7–13.6) vs. 6.2 ng/mL (95% CI = 4.9–8.9), p = 0.016; 6.6 ng/mL (95% CI = 5.6–7.9) vs. 5.1 ng/mL (95% CI = 4.2–5.4), p = 0.013, respectively). Irisin levels were similarly distributed between the features of NASH. Circulating irisin positively correlated with both PRO-C3 and PRO-C6 levels (r = 0.47, p = 0.008 and r = 0.46, p = 0.002). Conclusions: Increased circulating irisin levels may identify a more aggressive phenotype of liver disease with increased fibrogenesis and more severe liver damage.
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Insulin resistance; Irisin; Liver fibrogenesis; Liver fibrosis; NAFLD; Non-invasive biomarkers; PRO-C3; PRO-C6
Armandi A.; Rosso C.; Nicolosi A.; Caviglia G.P.; Abate M.L.; Olivero A.; D'amato D.; Vernero M.; Gaggini M.; Saracco G.M.; Ribaldone D.G.; Leeming D.J.; Gastaldelli A.; Bugianesi E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1840770
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