BACKGROUND: Amphotericin B deoxycholate (AmB-D) is standard of care treatment for neonatal invasive candidiasis (IC). Micafungin (MCA) has broad-spectrum fungicidal activity against Candida spp. We compared the efficacy and safety of intravenous MCA with intravenous AmB-D and assessed the pharmacokinetics of MCA in infants >2-120 days of age with proven IC in a phase 3, randomized, double-blind, multicenter, parallel-group, noninferiority study (NCT00815516). METHODS: Infants were randomized 2:1 to MCA (10 mg/kg/d) or AmB-D (1 mg/kg/d) for ≥21 days. Primary efficacy endpoint was fungal-free survival (FFS) 1 week after last study drug dose. MCA population pharmacokinetics included simulated area under the curve (AUC) at steady state and maximum plasma concentration after 2-hour infusion. AUC pharmacodynamic target exposure was 170 µg·h/mL. RESULTS: Thirty infants received MCA (n = 20) or AmB-D (n = 10). The trial was terminated early because of slow recruitment. FFS was observed in 12 of 20 [60%; 95% confidence interval (CI): 36%-81%] MCA-group infants and in 7 of 10 (70%; 95% CI: 35%-93%) AmB-D-group infants. The most common treatment-emergent adverse events were anemia [MCA: n = 9 (45%); AmB-D: n = 3 (30%)] and thrombocytopenia [n = 2 (10%) and n = 3 (30%), respectively]. Model-derived mean AUC at steady state for MCA was 399.3 ± 163.9 µg·h/mL (95% prediction interval: 190.3-742.3 µg/mL); steady state and maximum plasma concentration after 2-hour infusion was 31.1 ± 10.5 µg/mL (95% prediction interval: 17.0-49.7 µg/mL). MCA exposures were above the AUC pharmacodynamic target exposure. CONCLUSIONS: Within the study limitations, infants with IC treated with MCA achieved similar FFS compared with AmB-D. Both agents were safe and well tolerated.

A Phase 3 Study of Micafungin Versus Amphotericin B Deoxycholate in Infants With Invasive Candidiasis

Manzoni P.;
2018-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Amphotericin B deoxycholate (AmB-D) is standard of care treatment for neonatal invasive candidiasis (IC). Micafungin (MCA) has broad-spectrum fungicidal activity against Candida spp. We compared the efficacy and safety of intravenous MCA with intravenous AmB-D and assessed the pharmacokinetics of MCA in infants >2-120 days of age with proven IC in a phase 3, randomized, double-blind, multicenter, parallel-group, noninferiority study (NCT00815516). METHODS: Infants were randomized 2:1 to MCA (10 mg/kg/d) or AmB-D (1 mg/kg/d) for ≥21 days. Primary efficacy endpoint was fungal-free survival (FFS) 1 week after last study drug dose. MCA population pharmacokinetics included simulated area under the curve (AUC) at steady state and maximum plasma concentration after 2-hour infusion. AUC pharmacodynamic target exposure was 170 µg·h/mL. RESULTS: Thirty infants received MCA (n = 20) or AmB-D (n = 10). The trial was terminated early because of slow recruitment. FFS was observed in 12 of 20 [60%; 95% confidence interval (CI): 36%-81%] MCA-group infants and in 7 of 10 (70%; 95% CI: 35%-93%) AmB-D-group infants. The most common treatment-emergent adverse events were anemia [MCA: n = 9 (45%); AmB-D: n = 3 (30%)] and thrombocytopenia [n = 2 (10%) and n = 3 (30%), respectively]. Model-derived mean AUC at steady state for MCA was 399.3 ± 163.9 µg·h/mL (95% prediction interval: 190.3-742.3 µg/mL); steady state and maximum plasma concentration after 2-hour infusion was 31.1 ± 10.5 µg/mL (95% prediction interval: 17.0-49.7 µg/mL). MCA exposures were above the AUC pharmacodynamic target exposure. CONCLUSIONS: Within the study limitations, infants with IC treated with MCA achieved similar FFS compared with AmB-D. Both agents were safe and well tolerated.
2018
37
10
992
998
https://www-ncbi-nlm-nih-gov.bibliopass.unito.it/pmc/articles/PMC6155365/
amphotericin B deoxycholate; infants; invasive candidiasis; micafungin; neonates; Administration, Intravenous; Amphotericin B; Antifungal Agents; Area Under Curve; Candida; Candidiasis, Invasive; Deoxycholic Acid; Double-Blind Method; Drug Combinations; Female; Hematologic Tests; Humans; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Male; Micafungin; Treatment Outcome
Benjamin D.K.; Kaufman D.A.; Hope W.W.; Smith P.B.; Arrieta A.; Manzoni P.; Kovanda L.L.; Lademacher C.; Isaacson B.; Jednachowski D.; Wu C.; Kaibara ...espandi
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1841250
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 9
  • Scopus 31
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 28
social impact