Objectives: To estimate the incidence of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) in a metropolitan area of Northern Italy and study how the introduction of the 2015 revised Jones criteria affects the epidemiology in a region with moderate to high incidence of ARF. Study design: The incidence of ARF in children 5-14 years old living in the Province of Turin was estimated using low-risk criteria in a 10-year period (group A patients). The proportion of patients fulfilling only high-risk (HR) criteria (group B patients) was also calculated both prospectively (from July 2015 through December 2016) and retrospectively (from January 2007 through June 2015). Results: One hundred thirty-five group A patients were identified for an annual incidence of 3.2-9.6 out of 100 000 children. The use of HR criteria identified an additional 28 patients (group B), resulting in a 20.7% increase in the incidence of ARF. Age, sex annual incidence, and seasonal distribution pattern were comparable between group A and group B patients. Conclusions: HR criteria should be used for the diagnosis ARF in our region. The application of these criteria led to a 20% increase in patients with the diagnosis of ARF. The characteristics of patients fulfilling only HR criteria are similar to the remaining patients, suggesting that these criteria are sensitive and specific.

Epidemiologic Impact of the New Guidelines for the Diagnosis of Acute Rheumatic Fever

Licciardi F.;Scaioli G.;Mulatero R.;Delle Piane M.;Montin D.;Tovo P. A.
2018-01-01

Abstract

Objectives: To estimate the incidence of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) in a metropolitan area of Northern Italy and study how the introduction of the 2015 revised Jones criteria affects the epidemiology in a region with moderate to high incidence of ARF. Study design: The incidence of ARF in children 5-14 years old living in the Province of Turin was estimated using low-risk criteria in a 10-year period (group A patients). The proportion of patients fulfilling only high-risk (HR) criteria (group B patients) was also calculated both prospectively (from July 2015 through December 2016) and retrospectively (from January 2007 through June 2015). Results: One hundred thirty-five group A patients were identified for an annual incidence of 3.2-9.6 out of 100 000 children. The use of HR criteria identified an additional 28 patients (group B), resulting in a 20.7% increase in the incidence of ARF. Age, sex annual incidence, and seasonal distribution pattern were comparable between group A and group B patients. Conclusions: HR criteria should be used for the diagnosis ARF in our region. The application of these criteria led to a 20% increase in patients with the diagnosis of ARF. The characteristics of patients fulfilling only HR criteria are similar to the remaining patients, suggesting that these criteria are sensitive and specific.
2018
198
25
28.e1
acute rheumatic fever; high-risk criteria; incidence; Jones criteria; Adolescent; Child; Child, Preschool; Female; Humans; Incidence; Italy; Male; Practice Guidelines as Topic; Retrospective Studies; Rheumatic Fever; Seasons; Sex Distribution
Licciardi F.; Scaioli G.; Mulatero R.; Marolda A.; Delle Piane M.; Martino S.; Montin D.; Tovo P.A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1844407
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