Objective: To update the analysis of mortality of a cohort of talc miners and millers in Northern Italy. Methods: We analyzed overall mortality and mortality from specific causes of death during 1946–2020 of 1749 male workers in a talc mine where asbestos was not detected (1184 miners and 565 millers) employed during 1946–1995. Results: The overall standardized mortality ratio (SMR) was 1.21 (95 % confidence interval [CI] 1.14–1.28); no deaths were observed from pleural cancer. Mortality from lung cancer was not increased (SMR = 1.02 95 % CI 0.82–1.27), while mortality from pneumoconiosis was (SMR 9.55; 95 % CI 7.43–12.08), especially among miners (SMR 12.74; 95 % CI 9.79–16.31). There was a trend in risk of pneumoconiosis with increasing duration of employment in the overall cohort, and the SMR for 25+ years of employment was 15.12 (95 % CI 10.89–20.43). Conclusions: This uniquely long-term follow up confirms the results of previous analyses, namely the lack of association between exposure to talc with no detectable level of asbestos and lung cancer and mesothelioma. Increased mortality from pneumoconiosis among miners is related to past exposure to silica.

Mortality in the cohort of talc miners and millers from Val Chisone, Northern Italy: 74 years of follow-up

Ciocan C.;Pira E.;Coggiola M.;Godono A.;Boffetta P.
2022

Abstract

Objective: To update the analysis of mortality of a cohort of talc miners and millers in Northern Italy. Methods: We analyzed overall mortality and mortality from specific causes of death during 1946–2020 of 1749 male workers in a talc mine where asbestos was not detected (1184 miners and 565 millers) employed during 1946–1995. Results: The overall standardized mortality ratio (SMR) was 1.21 (95 % confidence interval [CI] 1.14–1.28); no deaths were observed from pleural cancer. Mortality from lung cancer was not increased (SMR = 1.02 95 % CI 0.82–1.27), while mortality from pneumoconiosis was (SMR 9.55; 95 % CI 7.43–12.08), especially among miners (SMR 12.74; 95 % CI 9.79–16.31). There was a trend in risk of pneumoconiosis with increasing duration of employment in the overall cohort, and the SMR for 25+ years of employment was 15.12 (95 % CI 10.89–20.43). Conclusions: This uniquely long-term follow up confirms the results of previous analyses, namely the lack of association between exposure to talc with no detectable level of asbestos and lung cancer and mesothelioma. Increased mortality from pneumoconiosis among miners is related to past exposure to silica.
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Lung cancer; Mesothelioma; Mortality; Pneumoconiosis; Talc; Cause of Death; Follow-Up Studies; Humans; Italy; Male; Occupational Exposure; Talc
Ciocan C.; Pira E.; Coggiola M.; Franco N.; Godono A.; La Vecchia C.; Negri E.; Boffetta P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1845010
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