Background & aims: Sarcopenia is a muscle disorder associated with loss of muscle mass, strength and function. Early screening, diagnosis and treatment may improve outcome in different disease conditions. A wide variety of tools for estimation of muscle mass is available and each tool has specific technical requirements. However, different investigational settings and lack of homogeneity of populations influence the definition of gold standards, proving it difficult to systematically adopt these tools. Recently, the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) published a revised recommendation (EWGSOP-2) and algorithm for using tools for screening and diagnosing sarcopenia. However, agreement of the EWGSOP2 criteria with other classifications is poor and although an overview of available tools is valuable, for the purpose of clinical decision-making the reverse is useful; a given scenario asks for the most suitable tools. Results: Tools were identified for screening, diagnostics and longitudinal monitoring of muscle mass. For each of these clinical scenarios the most appropriate tools were listed and for each technique their usability is specified based on sensitivity and specificity. Based on this information a specific recommendation is made for each clinical scenario. Conclusion: This narrative review provides an overview of currently available tools and future developments for different clinical scenarios such as screening, diagnosis and longitudinal monitoring of alterations in muscle status. It supports clinical decision-making in choosing the right tools for muscle mass quantification depending on the need within a given clinical scenario as well as the local availability and expertise.

Screening, diagnosis and monitoring of sarcopenia: When to use which tool?

Rainoldi A.;Boccia G.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background & aims: Sarcopenia is a muscle disorder associated with loss of muscle mass, strength and function. Early screening, diagnosis and treatment may improve outcome in different disease conditions. A wide variety of tools for estimation of muscle mass is available and each tool has specific technical requirements. However, different investigational settings and lack of homogeneity of populations influence the definition of gold standards, proving it difficult to systematically adopt these tools. Recently, the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) published a revised recommendation (EWGSOP-2) and algorithm for using tools for screening and diagnosing sarcopenia. However, agreement of the EWGSOP2 criteria with other classifications is poor and although an overview of available tools is valuable, for the purpose of clinical decision-making the reverse is useful; a given scenario asks for the most suitable tools. Results: Tools were identified for screening, diagnostics and longitudinal monitoring of muscle mass. For each of these clinical scenarios the most appropriate tools were listed and for each technique their usability is specified based on sensitivity and specificity. Based on this information a specific recommendation is made for each clinical scenario. Conclusion: This narrative review provides an overview of currently available tools and future developments for different clinical scenarios such as screening, diagnosis and longitudinal monitoring of alterations in muscle status. It supports clinical decision-making in choosing the right tools for muscle mass quantification depending on the need within a given clinical scenario as well as the local availability and expertise.
2022
1
1
Clinical scenario; Muscle decline; Muscle mass; Sarcopenia
Ackermans L.L.G.C.; Rabou J.; Basrai M.; Schweinlin A.; Bischoff S.C.; Cussenot O.; Cancel-Tassin G.; Renken R.J.; Gomez E.; Sanchez-Gonzalez P.; Rainoldi A.; Boccia G.; Reisinger K.W.; Ten Bosch J.A.; Blokhuis T.J.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1845082
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