Risk factors for cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation and the impact of CMV reactivation on patient outcomes have been extensively investigated after matched related or unrelated donor transplantation, but little is known in the setting of haploidentical stem cell transplantation (Haplo-SCT) with post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PT-Cy), in which recipients are considered more severely immunocompromised. We retrospectively analyzed a cohort of 554 consecutive patients undergoing Haplo-SCT with PT-Cy at 3 different centers. Early CMV reactivation (occurring within the first 120 days post-transplantation) occurred in 242 patients, for an estimated cumulative incidence of 44%. Among those patients, 74 (30%) had recurrent CMV and 20 (8%) had CMV disease. On multivariable analysis, positive recipient CMV serostatus (hazard ratio [HR] >2.5; P <.001), disease histology (lymphoid versus myeloid: HR, 0.66; P =.003) and increasing recipient age (HR, 1.01; P =.015) were independent predictors of CMV reactivation. At a 4-month landmark analysis, CMV reactivation was associated with higher 1-year and 5-year cumulative incidence of nonrelapse mortality (NRM) relative to patients without reactivation: 13% versus 5% and 22% versus 9%, respectively (P <.001). On multivariable analysis, CMV reactivation was an independent negative predictor of NRM (HR, 2.69; P <.001) and was close to statistically significant for overall survival (HR, 1.38; P =.062). Our results suggest that CMV reactivation plays an important role at determining NRM. Because patient CMV serostatus is the main predictor of CMV reactivation, it should be considered when evaluating strategies for preventing CMV reactivation. 2022 American Society for Transplantation and Cellular Therapy. Published by Elsevier Inc.

Risk Factors for Early Cytomegalovirus Reactivation and Impact of Early Cytomegalovirus Reactivation on Clinical Outcomes after T Cell-Replete Haploidentical Transplantation with Post-Transplantation Cyclophosphamide

Richiardi L.;Faraci D.;Giaccone L.;Bruno B.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Risk factors for cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation and the impact of CMV reactivation on patient outcomes have been extensively investigated after matched related or unrelated donor transplantation, but little is known in the setting of haploidentical stem cell transplantation (Haplo-SCT) with post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PT-Cy), in which recipients are considered more severely immunocompromised. We retrospectively analyzed a cohort of 554 consecutive patients undergoing Haplo-SCT with PT-Cy at 3 different centers. Early CMV reactivation (occurring within the first 120 days post-transplantation) occurred in 242 patients, for an estimated cumulative incidence of 44%. Among those patients, 74 (30%) had recurrent CMV and 20 (8%) had CMV disease. On multivariable analysis, positive recipient CMV serostatus (hazard ratio [HR] >2.5; P <.001), disease histology (lymphoid versus myeloid: HR, 0.66; P =.003) and increasing recipient age (HR, 1.01; P =.015) were independent predictors of CMV reactivation. At a 4-month landmark analysis, CMV reactivation was associated with higher 1-year and 5-year cumulative incidence of nonrelapse mortality (NRM) relative to patients without reactivation: 13% versus 5% and 22% versus 9%, respectively (P <.001). On multivariable analysis, CMV reactivation was an independent negative predictor of NRM (HR, 2.69; P <.001) and was close to statistically significant for overall survival (HR, 1.38; P =.062). Our results suggest that CMV reactivation plays an important role at determining NRM. Because patient CMV serostatus is the main predictor of CMV reactivation, it should be considered when evaluating strategies for preventing CMV reactivation. 2022 American Society for Transplantation and Cellular Therapy. Published by Elsevier Inc.
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CMV; Haploidentical transplant; NRM
Mariotti J.; Legrand F.; Furst S.; Giordano L.; Magri F.; Richiardi L.; Granata A.; De Philippis C.; Maisano V.; Faraci D.; Sarina B.; Giaccone L.; Harbi S.; Mannina D.; Valli V.; Tordato F.; Mineri R.; Bramanti S.; Santoro A.; Bruno B.; Devillier R.; Blaise D.; Castagna L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1848350
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