Background: Right ventricular dysfunction (RVD) is a major issue in patients with advanced heart failure because it precludes the implantation of left ventricular assist device, usually leaving heart transplantation (HTx) as the only available treatment option. The pulmonary artery pulsatility index (PAPi) is a hemodynamic parameter integrating information of right ventricular function and of pulmonary circulation. Our aim is to evaluate the association of preoperative RVD, hemodynamically defined as a low PAPi, with post-HTx survival. Methods and Results: Consecutive adult HTx recipient at 2 Italian transplant centers between 2000 and 2018 with available data on pre-HTx right heart catheterization were included retrospectively. RVD was defined as a value of PAPi lower than the 25th percentile of the study population. The association of RVD with the 1-year post-HTx mortality and other secondary end points were evaluated. Multivariate logistic regression was used to adjust for clinical and hemodynamic variables. Analyses stratified by pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) status (≥3 Woods units vs <3 Woods units) were also performed. Among 657 HTx recipients (female 31.1%, age 53 ± 11 years), patients with pre-HTx RVD (PAPi of <1.68) had significantly lower 1-year survival rates (77.8% vs 87.1%, P = .005), also after adjusting for estimated glomerular filtration rate, total bilirubin, PVR, serum sodium, inotropes, and mechanical circulatory support at HTx (hazard ratio 2.0, 95% confidence interval, 1.3–3.1). RVD was also associated with post-HTx renal replacement therapy (hazard ratio 2.0, 95% confidence interval 1.05–3.30) and primary graft dysfunction (hazard ratio 1.7, 95% confidence interval 1.02–3.30). When stratifying patients by estimated PVR status, RVD was associated with worse 1-year survival among patients with normal PVR (76.9% vs 88.3%, P = .003), but not in those with increased PVR (78.6% vs 83.2%, P = .49). Conclusions: Preoperative RVD, evaluated through PAPi, is associated with mortality and morbidity after HTx, providing incremental prognostic value over traditional clinical and hemodynamic parameters.

Pretransplant Right Ventricular Dysfunction Is Associated With Increased Mortality After Heart Transplantation: A Hard Inheritance to Overcome

Bellettini M.;Frea S.;Pidello S.;Boffini M.;Boretto P.;Gallone G.;Bongiovanni F.;Loforte A.;Rinaldi M.;De ferrari G. M.
2022

Abstract

Background: Right ventricular dysfunction (RVD) is a major issue in patients with advanced heart failure because it precludes the implantation of left ventricular assist device, usually leaving heart transplantation (HTx) as the only available treatment option. The pulmonary artery pulsatility index (PAPi) is a hemodynamic parameter integrating information of right ventricular function and of pulmonary circulation. Our aim is to evaluate the association of preoperative RVD, hemodynamically defined as a low PAPi, with post-HTx survival. Methods and Results: Consecutive adult HTx recipient at 2 Italian transplant centers between 2000 and 2018 with available data on pre-HTx right heart catheterization were included retrospectively. RVD was defined as a value of PAPi lower than the 25th percentile of the study population. The association of RVD with the 1-year post-HTx mortality and other secondary end points were evaluated. Multivariate logistic regression was used to adjust for clinical and hemodynamic variables. Analyses stratified by pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) status (≥3 Woods units vs <3 Woods units) were also performed. Among 657 HTx recipients (female 31.1%, age 53 ± 11 years), patients with pre-HTx RVD (PAPi of <1.68) had significantly lower 1-year survival rates (77.8% vs 87.1%, P = .005), also after adjusting for estimated glomerular filtration rate, total bilirubin, PVR, serum sodium, inotropes, and mechanical circulatory support at HTx (hazard ratio 2.0, 95% confidence interval, 1.3–3.1). RVD was also associated with post-HTx renal replacement therapy (hazard ratio 2.0, 95% confidence interval 1.05–3.30) and primary graft dysfunction (hazard ratio 1.7, 95% confidence interval 1.02–3.30). When stratifying patients by estimated PVR status, RVD was associated with worse 1-year survival among patients with normal PVR (76.9% vs 88.3%, P = .003), but not in those with increased PVR (78.6% vs 83.2%, P = .49). Conclusions: Preoperative RVD, evaluated through PAPi, is associated with mortality and morbidity after HTx, providing incremental prognostic value over traditional clinical and hemodynamic parameters.
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advanced heart failure; Heart transplantation; PAPi; pulmonary artery pulsatility index; right heart failure; right ventricular dysfunction; Adult; Female; Humans; Middle Aged; Retrospective Studies; Ventricular Function, Right; Heart Failure; Heart Transplantation; Heart-Assist Devices; Ventricular Dysfunction, Right
Bellettini M.; Frea S.; Pidello S.; Boffini M.; Boretto P.; Gallone G.; Bongiovanni F.; Masetti M.; Sabatino M.; Raineri C.; Pacini D.; Martin Suarez S.; Loforte A.; Rinaldi M.; Potena L.; De ferrari G.M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1857675
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