: Ritonavir-boosted darunavir (DRV/r) and dolutegravir (DTG) are affected by induction of metabolizing enzymes and efflux transporters caused by rifampicin (RIF). This complicates the treatment of people living with HIV (PLWH) diagnosed with tuberculosis. Recent data showed that doubling DRV/r dose did not compensate for this effect, and hepatic safety was unsatisfactory. We aimed to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of DRV, ritonavir (RTV), and DTG in the presence and absence of RIF in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). PLWH were enrolled in a dose-escalation crossover study with 6 treatment periods of 7 days. Participants started with DRV/r 800/100 mg once daily (QD), RIF and DTG were added before the RTV dose was doubled, and then they received DRV/r 800/100 twice daily (BD) and then 1,600/200 QD or vice versa. Finally, RIF was withdrawn. Plasma and intra-PBMC drug concentrations were measured through validated liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) methods. Seventeen participants were enrolled but only 4 completed all study phases due to high incidence of liver toxicity. Intra-PBMC DRV trough serum concentration (Ctrough) after the addition of RIF dropped from a median (interquartile range [IQR]) starting value of 261 ng/mL (158 to 577) to 112 ng/mL (18 to 820) and 31 ng/mL (12 to 331) for 800/100 BD and 1,600/200 QD DRV/r doses, respectively. The DRV intra-PBMC/plasma ratio increased significantly (P = 0.003). DTG and RIF intra-PBMC concentrations were in accordance with previous reports in the absence of RIF or DRV/r. This study showed a differential impact of enzyme and/or transporter induction on DRV/r concentrations in plasma and PBMCs, highlighting the usefulness of studying intra-PBMC pharmacokinetics with drug-drug interactions. (This study has been registered at ClinicalTrials.gov under registration no. NCT03892161.).

The Effect of Rifampicin on Darunavir, Ritonavir, and Dolutegravir Exposure within Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells: a Dose Escalation Study

De Nicolò, Amedeo
Co-first
;
Calcagno, Andrea
Co-first
;
Motta, Ilaria;De Vivo, Elisa;D'Avolio, Antonio
;
Di Perri, Giovanni;
2022-01-01

Abstract

: Ritonavir-boosted darunavir (DRV/r) and dolutegravir (DTG) are affected by induction of metabolizing enzymes and efflux transporters caused by rifampicin (RIF). This complicates the treatment of people living with HIV (PLWH) diagnosed with tuberculosis. Recent data showed that doubling DRV/r dose did not compensate for this effect, and hepatic safety was unsatisfactory. We aimed to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of DRV, ritonavir (RTV), and DTG in the presence and absence of RIF in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). PLWH were enrolled in a dose-escalation crossover study with 6 treatment periods of 7 days. Participants started with DRV/r 800/100 mg once daily (QD), RIF and DTG were added before the RTV dose was doubled, and then they received DRV/r 800/100 twice daily (BD) and then 1,600/200 QD or vice versa. Finally, RIF was withdrawn. Plasma and intra-PBMC drug concentrations were measured through validated liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) methods. Seventeen participants were enrolled but only 4 completed all study phases due to high incidence of liver toxicity. Intra-PBMC DRV trough serum concentration (Ctrough) after the addition of RIF dropped from a median (interquartile range [IQR]) starting value of 261 ng/mL (158 to 577) to 112 ng/mL (18 to 820) and 31 ng/mL (12 to 331) for 800/100 BD and 1,600/200 QD DRV/r doses, respectively. The DRV intra-PBMC/plasma ratio increased significantly (P = 0.003). DTG and RIF intra-PBMC concentrations were in accordance with previous reports in the absence of RIF or DRV/r. This study showed a differential impact of enzyme and/or transporter induction on DRV/r concentrations in plasma and PBMCs, highlighting the usefulness of studying intra-PBMC pharmacokinetics with drug-drug interactions. (This study has been registered at ClinicalTrials.gov under registration no. NCT03892161.).
2022
e0013622
1
9
PBMC; darunavir; dolutegravir; drug interactions; drug-drug interaction; pharmacokinetics; rifampicin
De Nicolò, Amedeo; Calcagno, Andrea; Motta, Ilaria; De Vivo, Elisa; D'Avolio, Antonio; Di Perri, Giovanni; Wiesner, Lubbe; Ebrahim, Isma-Eel; Maartens, Gary; Orrell, Catherine; McIlleron, Helen
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
aac.00136-22.pdf

Accesso aperto

Tipo di file: PDF EDITORIALE
Dimensione 1.07 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.07 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1860318
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact