Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate two clinically approved plasma volume expanders (dextran 70 and voluven) as macromolecular MRI-chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) contrast agents to assess tumor vascular properties. Methods: CEST contrast efficiency of both molecules (6% w/v) was measured in vitro at various irradiation saturation powers (1-6 μT for 5 s) and pH values (range, 5.5-7.9) and the exchange rate of hydroxyl protons was calculated. In vivo studies in a murine adenocarcinoma model (n = 4 mice for each contrast agent) upon i.v. injection provided CEST-derived perfusion tumor properties that were compared with those obtained with a gadolinium-based blood-pool agent (Gd-AAZTA-Madec). Results: In vitro measurements showed a marked CEST contrast dependency to pH, with higher CEST contrast at lower pH values for both molecules. The measured prototropic exchange rates confirmed a base-catalyzed exchange rate that was faster for dextran 70 in comparison to voluven. Both molecules showed a similar CEST contrast increase (ΔST% > 3%) in the tumor tissue up to 30 min postinjection, with heterogeneous accumulation. In tumors receiving both CEST and T1-weighted agents, a voxel-by-voxel analysis indicated moderate spatial correlation of perfusion properties between voluven/dextran 70 and Gd-AAZTA-Madec, suggesting different distribution patterns according to their molecular size. Conclusions: The obtained results showed that both voluven and dextran 70 can be exploited as MRI-CEST contrast agents for evaluating tumor enhancement properties. Their increased accumulation in tumors and prolonged contrast enhancement promote their use as blood-pool MRI-CEST agents to examine tumor vascularization.

Investigating plasma volume expanders as novel macromolecular MRI-CEST contrast agents for tumor contrast-enhanced imaging

Consolino L.
First
;
Irrera P.;Ramdhane F.;Anemone A.;Longo D. L.
Last
2021

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate two clinically approved plasma volume expanders (dextran 70 and voluven) as macromolecular MRI-chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) contrast agents to assess tumor vascular properties. Methods: CEST contrast efficiency of both molecules (6% w/v) was measured in vitro at various irradiation saturation powers (1-6 μT for 5 s) and pH values (range, 5.5-7.9) and the exchange rate of hydroxyl protons was calculated. In vivo studies in a murine adenocarcinoma model (n = 4 mice for each contrast agent) upon i.v. injection provided CEST-derived perfusion tumor properties that were compared with those obtained with a gadolinium-based blood-pool agent (Gd-AAZTA-Madec). Results: In vitro measurements showed a marked CEST contrast dependency to pH, with higher CEST contrast at lower pH values for both molecules. The measured prototropic exchange rates confirmed a base-catalyzed exchange rate that was faster for dextran 70 in comparison to voluven. Both molecules showed a similar CEST contrast increase (ΔST% > 3%) in the tumor tissue up to 30 min postinjection, with heterogeneous accumulation. In tumors receiving both CEST and T1-weighted agents, a voxel-by-voxel analysis indicated moderate spatial correlation of perfusion properties between voluven/dextran 70 and Gd-AAZTA-Madec, suggesting different distribution patterns according to their molecular size. Conclusions: The obtained results showed that both voluven and dextran 70 can be exploited as MRI-CEST contrast agents for evaluating tumor enhancement properties. Their increased accumulation in tumors and prolonged contrast enhancement promote their use as blood-pool MRI-CEST agents to examine tumor vascularization.
86
2
995
1007
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/mrm.28778
chemical exchange saturation transfer; gadolinium; macromolecular agent; magnetic resonance imaging; plasma volume expander
Consolino L.; Irrera P.; Ramdhane F.; Anemone A.; Longo D.L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1863707
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