Purpose: The purpose of the study was to create in Italian a transition protocol survey to monitor the readiness of childhood, adolescent, and young adult (CAYA) cancer survivors who are undergoing transition from pediatric to adult health care. A protocol could support clinical practice through the proposal of individualized transition care pathways for CAYA survivors and inform future scientific studies that focus on barriers to successful transition. Methods: Three international questionnaires that investigate the biopsychosocial issues and needs of survivors were subjected to the Forward and Backward Translation process. Following this, CAYA survivors were recruited from September 2019 to August 2020 in the pediatric oncology centers of the Interregional Pediatric Oncology Network of Piedmont and the Aosta in Italy to participate in cognitive interviews as part of the validation and cultural adaptation process of the questionnaires, which will form the transition protocol survey. Results: Revisions and cognitive interviews with 40 CAYA survivors identified any inadequate expressions and resolved any concepts of misunderstanding or cultural unsuitability for the Italian translation. Overall, they found the scales to be easily understandable, and an Italian version of the scales was produced to create the final transition protocol survey. Conclusion: The transition protocol survey might be used as a valid tool to highlight critical issues to support sustainable transition processes between Italian oncology centers. The protocol can be implemented into clinical practice thus offering CAYA the possibility of resolving some needs, receiving personalized support, and surveillance before the transition.
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