The phase 2b, open-label, multicenter SADAL study evaluated single agent oral selinexor, a selective inhibitor of nuclear export (SINE) compound, in patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) after >= 2 lines of systemic therapy. Similar activity was observed in GCB- and non-GCB DLBCL with a trend to higher response rates in DLBCL transformed from follicular lymphoma. Lower response rates were observed in double expressor DLBCL; higher response rates were observed in patients with baseline hemoglobin >= 10 g/dL and normal levels of C-MYC or BCL-2 expression (51%). Overall, strong single agent activity with selinexor were observed in patients with relapsed/refractory DLBCL.Background: The SADAL study evaluated oral selinexor in patients with relapsed and/or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) after at least 2 prior lines of systemic therapy. In this post-hoc analysis, we analyzed the outcomes of the SADAL study by DLBCL subtype to determine the effects of DLBCL subtypes on efficacy and tolerability of selinexor. Patients and Methods: Data from 134 patients in SADAL were analyzed by DLBCL subtypes for overall response rate (ORR), overall survival (OS), duration of treatment response, progression-free survival, and adverse events rate. Results: ORR in the entire cohort was 29.1%, and similar in patients with germinal center (GCB) versus non-GCB DLBCL (31.7% vs. 24.2%, P = 0.45); transformed DLBCL showed a trend towards higher ORR than de novo DLBCL: 38.7% vs. 26.2% (P = 0.23). Despite similar prior treatment regimens and baseline characteristics, patients with DLBCL and normal C-MYC/BCL-2 protein expression levels had a significantly higher ORR (46.2% vs.14.8%, P = 0.012) and significantly longer OS (medians 13.7 vs. 5.1 months, hazard ratio 0.43 [95% CI, 0.23-0.77], P = 0.004) as compared with those whose DLBCL had C-MYC and BCL-2 overexpression. Among patients who had normal expression levels of either C-MYC or BCL-2 and baseline hemoglobin levels >= 10g/dL, ORR was 51.5% (n = 47), with median OS of 15.5 months and median PFS of 4.6 months. Similar rates of adverse events were noted in all subgroups. Conclusions: Overall, single agent oral selinexor showed strong responses in patients with limited treatment alternatives regardless of germinal center B-cell type or disease origin. (C) 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Comparison of the Effectiveness and Safety of the Oral Selective Inhibitor of Nuclear Export, Selinexor, in Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma Subtypes

Cavallo, Federica;
2022

Abstract

The phase 2b, open-label, multicenter SADAL study evaluated single agent oral selinexor, a selective inhibitor of nuclear export (SINE) compound, in patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) after >= 2 lines of systemic therapy. Similar activity was observed in GCB- and non-GCB DLBCL with a trend to higher response rates in DLBCL transformed from follicular lymphoma. Lower response rates were observed in double expressor DLBCL; higher response rates were observed in patients with baseline hemoglobin >= 10 g/dL and normal levels of C-MYC or BCL-2 expression (51%). Overall, strong single agent activity with selinexor were observed in patients with relapsed/refractory DLBCL.Background: The SADAL study evaluated oral selinexor in patients with relapsed and/or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) after at least 2 prior lines of systemic therapy. In this post-hoc analysis, we analyzed the outcomes of the SADAL study by DLBCL subtype to determine the effects of DLBCL subtypes on efficacy and tolerability of selinexor. Patients and Methods: Data from 134 patients in SADAL were analyzed by DLBCL subtypes for overall response rate (ORR), overall survival (OS), duration of treatment response, progression-free survival, and adverse events rate. Results: ORR in the entire cohort was 29.1%, and similar in patients with germinal center (GCB) versus non-GCB DLBCL (31.7% vs. 24.2%, P = 0.45); transformed DLBCL showed a trend towards higher ORR than de novo DLBCL: 38.7% vs. 26.2% (P = 0.23). Despite similar prior treatment regimens and baseline characteristics, patients with DLBCL and normal C-MYC/BCL-2 protein expression levels had a significantly higher ORR (46.2% vs.14.8%, P = 0.012) and significantly longer OS (medians 13.7 vs. 5.1 months, hazard ratio 0.43 [95% CI, 0.23-0.77], P = 0.004) as compared with those whose DLBCL had C-MYC and BCL-2 overexpression. Among patients who had normal expression levels of either C-MYC or BCL-2 and baseline hemoglobin levels >= 10g/dL, ORR was 51.5% (n = 47), with median OS of 15.5 months and median PFS of 4.6 months. Similar rates of adverse events were noted in all subgroups. Conclusions: Overall, single agent oral selinexor showed strong responses in patients with limited treatment alternatives regardless of germinal center B-cell type or disease origin. (C) 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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DLBCL subtypes; De novo and transformed DLBCL; Relapsed/refractory DLBCL; Salvage therapy; Treatment response; XPO1; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Female; Humans; Hydrazines; Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse; Male; Middle Aged; Treatment Outcome; Triazoles
Casasnovas, Rene-Olivier; Follows, George; Zijlstra, Josee M; Vermaat, Joost S P; Kalakonda, Nagesh; Choquet, Sylvain; Neste, Eric Van Den; Hill, Brian; Thieblemont, Catherine; Cavallo, Federica; la Cruz, Fatima De; Kuruvilla, John; Hamad, Nada; Jaeger, Ulrich; Caimi, Paolo F; Gurion, Ronit; Warzocha, Krzysztof; Bakhshi, Sameer; Sancho, Juan-Manuel; Schuster, Michael; Egyed, Miklos; Offner, Fritz; Vassilakopoulos, Theodoros P; Samal, Priyanka; Ku, Matthew; Ma, Xiwen; Chamoun, Kamal; Shah, Jatin; Canales, Miguel; Maerevoet, Marie; Shacham, Sharon; Kauffman, Michael G; Goy, Andre
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1874751
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