To measure gas exchange at the whole plant (WP) level, design solutions were provided and prototypes of gas-exchange systems (GESs) were tested to carry out shoot and rootzone analyses in plants of different sizes. A WP-GES for small herbaceous plants was tested on the ability to maximize the net assimilation rate of CO2 in lettuce plants grown either under blue-red light or upon full spectrum artificial light. A WP-GES for large woody plants was tested during an experiment describing the drought stress inhibition of grapevine transpiration and photosynthesis. Technical advances pointed to optimize: i) the choice of cuvette material and its technical configuration to allow hermetic isolation of the interface shoot-rootzone, to avoid contamination between the two compartments, and to allow climate control of both shoot and rootzone cuvettes, ii) accurate measurements of the mass air-flow entering both cuvettes, and iii) an adequate homogenization of the cuvette air volume for stable and accurate detection of CO2 and H2O concentration in cuvettes before and after CO2 and H2O contamination of the air volumes exerted by plant organs.

Technical advances for measurement of gas exchange at the whole plant level: design solutions and prototype tests to carry out shoot and rootzone analyses in plants of different sizes

Patono, Davide L.;Eloi Alcatrao, Leandro;Dicembrini, Emilio;Ivaldi, Giorgio;Aimonino, Davide Ricauda;Lovisolo, Claudio
2023-01-01

Abstract

To measure gas exchange at the whole plant (WP) level, design solutions were provided and prototypes of gas-exchange systems (GESs) were tested to carry out shoot and rootzone analyses in plants of different sizes. A WP-GES for small herbaceous plants was tested on the ability to maximize the net assimilation rate of CO2 in lettuce plants grown either under blue-red light or upon full spectrum artificial light. A WP-GES for large woody plants was tested during an experiment describing the drought stress inhibition of grapevine transpiration and photosynthesis. Technical advances pointed to optimize: i) the choice of cuvette material and its technical configuration to allow hermetic isolation of the interface shoot-rootzone, to avoid contamination between the two compartments, and to allow climate control of both shoot and rootzone cuvettes, ii) accurate measurements of the mass air-flow entering both cuvettes, and iii) an adequate homogenization of the cuvette air volume for stable and accurate detection of CO2 and H2O concentration in cuvettes before and after CO2 and H2O contamination of the air volumes exerted by plant organs.
2023
326
January 2023
111505
111515
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2022.111505
Gas exchange, transpiration, photosynthesis, respiration
Patono, Davide L.; Eloi Alcatrao, Leandro; Dicembrini, Emilio; Ivaldi, Giorgio; Aimonino, Davide Ricauda; Lovisolo, Claudio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1876821
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