We aimed to investigate the reproducibility and accuracy of Radiofrequency Echographic Multi-Spectrometry (REMS) for femoral BMD estimation and the reproducibility and discriminative power of the REMS-derived femoral fragility score. 175 patients with primary and disuse-related osteoporosis were recruited: one femoral Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) scan and two femoral REMS scans were acquired. No significant test-retest differences were observed for all REMS-derived variables. The diagnostic concordance between DXA and REMS was 63% (Cohen's kappa = 0.31) in patients with primary osteoporosis and 13% (Cohen's kappa: -0.04) in patients with disuse-related osteoporosis. No significant difference was observed between REMS and DXA for either femoral neck BMD (mean difference between REMS and DXA: -0.015 g/cm(2)) or total femur BMD (mean difference: -0.004 g/cm(2)) in patients with primary osteoporosis. Significant differences between the two techniques were observed in patients with disuse-related osteoporosis (femoral neck BMD difference: 0.136 g/cm(2); total femur BMD difference: 0.236 g/cm(2)). Statistically significant differences in the fragility score were obtained between the fractured and non-fractured patients for both populations. In conclusion, REMS showed excellent test-retest reproducibility, but the diagnostic concordance between DXA and REMS was between minimal and poor. Further studies are required to improve the REMS-derived estimation of femoral BMD.

Reproducibility and Accuracy of the Radiofrequency Echographic Multi-Spectrometry for Femoral Mineral Density Estimation and Discriminative Power of the Femoral Fragility Score in Patients with Primary and Disuse-Related Osteoporosis

Lalli, Piera;Mautino, Claudia;Busso, Chiara;Bardesono, Francesca;Minetto, Marco Alessandro
2022-01-01

Abstract

We aimed to investigate the reproducibility and accuracy of Radiofrequency Echographic Multi-Spectrometry (REMS) for femoral BMD estimation and the reproducibility and discriminative power of the REMS-derived femoral fragility score. 175 patients with primary and disuse-related osteoporosis were recruited: one femoral Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) scan and two femoral REMS scans were acquired. No significant test-retest differences were observed for all REMS-derived variables. The diagnostic concordance between DXA and REMS was 63% (Cohen's kappa = 0.31) in patients with primary osteoporosis and 13% (Cohen's kappa: -0.04) in patients with disuse-related osteoporosis. No significant difference was observed between REMS and DXA for either femoral neck BMD (mean difference between REMS and DXA: -0.015 g/cm(2)) or total femur BMD (mean difference: -0.004 g/cm(2)) in patients with primary osteoporosis. Significant differences between the two techniques were observed in patients with disuse-related osteoporosis (femoral neck BMD difference: 0.136 g/cm(2); total femur BMD difference: 0.236 g/cm(2)). Statistically significant differences in the fragility score were obtained between the fractured and non-fractured patients for both populations. In conclusion, REMS showed excellent test-retest reproducibility, but the diagnostic concordance between DXA and REMS was between minimal and poor. Further studies are required to improve the REMS-derived estimation of femoral BMD.
11
13
3761
3772
FRAX; bone mineral density; fracture risk; fragility score; spinal cord injury
Lalli, Piera; Mautino, Claudia; Busso, Chiara; Bardesono, Francesca; Di Monaco, Marco; Lippi, Lorenzo; Invernizzi, Marco; Minetto, Marco Alessandro
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Lalli et al. JCM 2022.pdf

Accesso aperto

Tipo di file: PDF EDITORIALE
Dimensione 5.12 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
5.12 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1878272
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact