Background and purpose We evaluated the clinical and neurophysiological efficacy of rituximab (RTX) in a neurophysiologically homogeneous group of patients with monoclonal gammopathy and immunoglobulin M (IgM) anti-myelin-associated glycoprotein antibody (anti-MAG) demyelinating polyneuropathy. Methods Twenty three anti-MAG-positive polyneuropathic patients were prospectively evaluated before and for 2 years after treatment with RTX 375 mg/m(2). The Inflammatory Neuropathy Cause and Treatment (INCAT) disability scale (INCAT-ds), modified INCAT sensory score (mISS), Medical Research Council sum score, Patients' Global Impression of Change scale were used, IgM levels were assessed and extensive electrophysiological examinations were performed before (T0) and 1 year (T1) and 2 years (T2) after RTX treatment. Results At T1 and T2 there was a significant reduction from T0 both in mISS and in INCAT-ds, with a p value < 0.001 in the inferential Friedman's test overall analysis. Ulnar nerve Terminal Latency Index and distal motor latency significantly changed from T0 to T1 and in the overall analysis (p = 0.001 and p = 0.002), and ulnar nerve sensory nerve action potential (SNAP) amplitude was significantly increased at T2 from T1, with a p value < 0.001 in the overall analysis. Analysis of the receiver-operating characteristic curves showed that a 41.8% increase in SNAP amplitude in the ulnar nerve at T2 from T0 was a fair predictor of a mISS reduction of >= 2 points (area under the curve 0.85; p = 0.005; sensitivity: 90.9%, specificity: 83.3%). Conclusions This study suggests that RTX is effective in patients with clinically active demyelinating anti-MAG neuropathy over 2 years of follow-up, and that some neurophysiological variables might be useful for monitoring this efficacy.

Efficacy of rituximab in anti-myelin-associated glycoprotein demyelinating polyneuropathy: Clinical, hematological and neurophysiological correlations during 2 years of follow-up

Parisi, Mattia
First
;
Dogliotti, Irene;Clerico, Michele;Bertuzzo, Davide;Cavallo, Federica;Ragaini, Simone;Di Liberto, Alessandra;Ferrante, Martina;Bondielli, Giulia;Artusi, Carlo Alberto;Drandi, Daniela;Lopiano, Leonardo;Ferrero, Bruno;Ferrero, Simone
Last
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background and purpose We evaluated the clinical and neurophysiological efficacy of rituximab (RTX) in a neurophysiologically homogeneous group of patients with monoclonal gammopathy and immunoglobulin M (IgM) anti-myelin-associated glycoprotein antibody (anti-MAG) demyelinating polyneuropathy. Methods Twenty three anti-MAG-positive polyneuropathic patients were prospectively evaluated before and for 2 years after treatment with RTX 375 mg/m(2). The Inflammatory Neuropathy Cause and Treatment (INCAT) disability scale (INCAT-ds), modified INCAT sensory score (mISS), Medical Research Council sum score, Patients' Global Impression of Change scale were used, IgM levels were assessed and extensive electrophysiological examinations were performed before (T0) and 1 year (T1) and 2 years (T2) after RTX treatment. Results At T1 and T2 there was a significant reduction from T0 both in mISS and in INCAT-ds, with a p value < 0.001 in the inferential Friedman's test overall analysis. Ulnar nerve Terminal Latency Index and distal motor latency significantly changed from T0 to T1 and in the overall analysis (p = 0.001 and p = 0.002), and ulnar nerve sensory nerve action potential (SNAP) amplitude was significantly increased at T2 from T1, with a p value < 0.001 in the overall analysis. Analysis of the receiver-operating characteristic curves showed that a 41.8% increase in SNAP amplitude in the ulnar nerve at T2 from T0 was a fair predictor of a mISS reduction of >= 2 points (area under the curve 0.85; p = 0.005; sensitivity: 90.9%, specificity: 83.3%). Conclusions This study suggests that RTX is effective in patients with clinically active demyelinating anti-MAG neuropathy over 2 years of follow-up, and that some neurophysiological variables might be useful for monitoring this efficacy.
2022
29
12
3611
3622
clinical neurophysiology; haematological disorders; immunomodulatory therapy; polyneuropathy
Parisi, Mattia; Dogliotti, Irene; Clerico, Michele; Bertuzzo, Davide; Benevolo, Giulia; Orsucci, Lorella; Schiavetti, Irene; Cavallo, Roberto; Cavallo, Federica; Ragaini, Simone; Di Liberto, Alessandra; Ferrante, Martina; Bondielli, Giulia; Artusi, Carlo Alberto; Drandi, Daniela; Lopiano, Leonardo; Ferrero, Bruno; Ferrero, Simone
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1878427
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