In vitro and in vivo models of experimental glioma are useful tools to gain a better understanding of glioblastoma (GBM) and to investigate novel treatment strategies. However, the majority of preclinical models focus on treating solid intracranial tumours, despite surgical resection being the mainstay in the standard care of patients with GBM today. The lack of resection and recurrence models therefore has undermined efforts in finding a treatment for this disease. Here we present a novel orthotopic tumour resection and recurrence model that has potential for the investigation of local delivery strategies in the treatment of GBM. The model presented is simple to achieve through the use of a biopsy punch, is reproducible, does not require specific or expensive equipment, and results in a resection cavity suitable for local drug delivery systems, such as the implantation or injection of hydrogels. We show that tumour resection is well tolerated, does not induce deleterious neurological deficits, and significantly prolongs survival of mice bearing U-87 MG GBM tumours. In addition, the resulting cavity could accommodate adequate amounts of hydrogels for local delivery of chemotherapeutic agents to eliminate residual tumour cells that can induce tumour recurrence.

Novel model of orthotopic U-87 MG glioblastoma resection in athymic nude mice

Bastiancich C.
Co-first
;
2017-01-01

Abstract

In vitro and in vivo models of experimental glioma are useful tools to gain a better understanding of glioblastoma (GBM) and to investigate novel treatment strategies. However, the majority of preclinical models focus on treating solid intracranial tumours, despite surgical resection being the mainstay in the standard care of patients with GBM today. The lack of resection and recurrence models therefore has undermined efforts in finding a treatment for this disease. Here we present a novel orthotopic tumour resection and recurrence model that has potential for the investigation of local delivery strategies in the treatment of GBM. The model presented is simple to achieve through the use of a biopsy punch, is reproducible, does not require specific or expensive equipment, and results in a resection cavity suitable for local drug delivery systems, such as the implantation or injection of hydrogels. We show that tumour resection is well tolerated, does not induce deleterious neurological deficits, and significantly prolongs survival of mice bearing U-87 MG GBM tumours. In addition, the resulting cavity could accommodate adequate amounts of hydrogels for local delivery of chemotherapeutic agents to eliminate residual tumour cells that can induce tumour recurrence.
284
96
102
Glioblastoma; Local drug delivery; Recurrence; Resection; Tumour
Bianco J.; Bastiancich C.; Joudiou N.; Gallez B.; des Rieux A.; Danhier F.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Bianco Bastiancich J Neur Meth 2016 resection model.pdf

Accesso riservato

Tipo di file: PDF EDITORIALE
Dimensione 3.81 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.81 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1879778
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 19
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 19
social impact