Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is one of the most common and aggressive malignant primary brain tumors in adults. The treatment of GBM is limited by the blood-brain barrier (BBB), which limits the diffusion of appropriate concentrations of therapeutic agents at the tumor site. Among experimental therapies, photo-thermal therapy (PTT) mediated by nanoparticles is a promising strategy. To propose a preclinical versatile research instrument for the development of new PTT for GBM, a multipurpose integrated preclinical device was developed. The setup is able to perform: i) BBB permeabilization by focused ultrasound sonication (FUS); ii) PTT with continuous wave laser; iii) in situ temperature monitoring with photo-acoustic (PA) measurements. In vivo preliminary subcutaneous and transcranial experiments were conducted on healthy or tumor-bearing mice. Transcranial FUS-induced BBB permeabilization was validated using single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging. PTT capacities were monitored by PA thermometry, and are illustrated through subcutaneous and transcranial in vivo experiments. The results show the therapeutic possibilities and ergonomy of such integrated device as a tool for the validation of future treatments.

Development of a multi-functional preclinical device for the treatment of glioblastoma

Bastiancich C.
Co-first
;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is one of the most common and aggressive malignant primary brain tumors in adults. The treatment of GBM is limited by the blood-brain barrier (BBB), which limits the diffusion of appropriate concentrations of therapeutic agents at the tumor site. Among experimental therapies, photo-thermal therapy (PTT) mediated by nanoparticles is a promising strategy. To propose a preclinical versatile research instrument for the development of new PTT for GBM, a multipurpose integrated preclinical device was developed. The setup is able to perform: i) BBB permeabilization by focused ultrasound sonication (FUS); ii) PTT with continuous wave laser; iii) in situ temperature monitoring with photo-acoustic (PA) measurements. In vivo preliminary subcutaneous and transcranial experiments were conducted on healthy or tumor-bearing mice. Transcranial FUS-induced BBB permeabilization was validated using single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging. PTT capacities were monitored by PA thermometry, and are illustrated through subcutaneous and transcranial in vivo experiments. The results show the therapeutic possibilities and ergonomy of such integrated device as a tool for the validation of future treatments.
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Metwally K.; Bastiancich C.; Correard F.; Novell A.; Fernandez S.; Guillet B.; Larrat B.; Mensah S.; Esteve M.-A.; Da Silva A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1879780
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