We consider a class of discrete-time random walks with directed unit steps on the integer line. The direction of the steps is reversed at the time instants of events in a discrete-time renewal process and is maintained at uneventful time instants. This model represents a discrete-time semi-Markovian generalization of the telegraph process. We derive exact formulae for the propagator using generating functions. We prove that for geometrically distributed waiting times in the diffusive limit, this walk converges to the classical telegraph process. We consider the large-time asymptotics of the expected position: For waiting time densities with finite mean the walker remains in the average localized close to the departure site whereas escapes for fat-tailed waiting-time densities (i.e. densities with infinite mean) by a sublinear power-law. We explore anomalous diffusion features by accounting for the `aging effect' as a hallmark of non-Markovianity where the discrete-time version of the `aging renewal process' comes into play. By deriving pertinent distributions of this process we obtain explicit formulae for the variance when the waiting-times are Sibuya-distributed. In this case and generally for fat-tailed waiting time PDFs a $t^2$-ballistic superdiffusive scaling emerges in the large time limit. In contrast if the waiting time PDF between the step reversals is light-tailed (`narrow' with finite mean and variance) the walk exhibits normal diffusion and for `broad' waiting time PDFs (with finite mean and infinite variance) superdiffusive large time scaling. We also consider time-changed versions where the walk is subordinated to a continuous-time point process such as the time-fractional Poisson process. This defines a new class of biased continuous-time random walks exhibiting several regimes of anomalous diffusion.

Squirrels can remember little: A random walk with jump reversals induced by a discrete-time renewal process

Federico Polito;
2023-01-01

Abstract

We consider a class of discrete-time random walks with directed unit steps on the integer line. The direction of the steps is reversed at the time instants of events in a discrete-time renewal process and is maintained at uneventful time instants. This model represents a discrete-time semi-Markovian generalization of the telegraph process. We derive exact formulae for the propagator using generating functions. We prove that for geometrically distributed waiting times in the diffusive limit, this walk converges to the classical telegraph process. We consider the large-time asymptotics of the expected position: For waiting time densities with finite mean the walker remains in the average localized close to the departure site whereas escapes for fat-tailed waiting-time densities (i.e. densities with infinite mean) by a sublinear power-law. We explore anomalous diffusion features by accounting for the `aging effect' as a hallmark of non-Markovianity where the discrete-time version of the `aging renewal process' comes into play. By deriving pertinent distributions of this process we obtain explicit formulae for the variance when the waiting-times are Sibuya-distributed. In this case and generally for fat-tailed waiting time PDFs a $t^2$-ballistic superdiffusive scaling emerges in the large time limit. In contrast if the waiting time PDF between the step reversals is light-tailed (`narrow' with finite mean and variance) the walk exhibits normal diffusion and for `broad' waiting time PDFs (with finite mean and infinite variance) superdiffusive large time scaling. We also consider time-changed versions where the walk is subordinated to a continuous-time point process such as the time-fractional Poisson process. This defines a new class of biased continuous-time random walks exhibiting several regimes of anomalous diffusion.
2023
118
107031
1
28
https://arxiv.org/pdf/2206.14694
Non-Markovian random walk, generalized telegraph (Cattaneo) process, discrete-time aging renewal process, fractional telegrapher's equation, anomalous diffusion
Thomas M. Michelitsch, Federico Polito, Alejandro P. Riascos
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1880408
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