Purpose We sought to estimate the impact of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (cAN) on informal caregivers of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), defined as individuals providing regular care to a friend, partner, or family member with PD, and to evaluate the mutual relationship between caregiver burden and patient health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Methods We enrolled 36 consecutive patients with PD and their informal caregivers. Patients underwent a detailed motor, autonomic, cognitive, and functional assessment. Caregivers were assessed using the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI). Differences in caregiver burden, expressed by the ZBI score, and strength of association between caregiver burden, cAN, and HRQoL were assessed using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), logistic regression, and linear regression analyses. Analyses were adjusted for patients' age, PD duration, and motor and cognitive disability, as well as caregivers' age. Results Moderate-severe caregiver burden was reported in 41.7% of PDcAN(+) versus 8.7% of PDcAN(-) (p < 0.001). The ZBI score was increased in PDcAN(+) versus PDcAN(-) (31.5 +/- 3.4 versus 15.2 +/- 2.3; p < 0.001), with tenfold higher odds (p = 0.012) of moderate-severe caregiver burden in PDcAN(+), even after adjusting for potential confounders. The ZBI score correlated with cAN severity (p = 0.005), global autonomic impairment (p = 0.012), and HRQoL impairment (p < 0.001). Conclusion These results highlight the significant impact of cAN on PD caregivers and the need for targeted interventions addressing this frequently overlooked and insufficiently treated source of nonmotor disability in PD.

Burden of caregiving for cardiovascular dysautonomia in Parkinson's disease

Ledda, Claudia;Montanaro, Elisa;Imbalzano, Gabriele;Merola, Aristide;Bruno, Ilaria;Artusi, Carlo Alberto;Zibetti, Maurizio;Rizzone, Mario Giorgio;Bozzali, Marco;Sobrero, Gabriele;Vallelonga, Fabrizio;Maule, Simona;Lopiano, Leonardo;Romagnolo, Alberto
2022-01-01

Abstract

Purpose We sought to estimate the impact of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (cAN) on informal caregivers of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), defined as individuals providing regular care to a friend, partner, or family member with PD, and to evaluate the mutual relationship between caregiver burden and patient health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Methods We enrolled 36 consecutive patients with PD and their informal caregivers. Patients underwent a detailed motor, autonomic, cognitive, and functional assessment. Caregivers were assessed using the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI). Differences in caregiver burden, expressed by the ZBI score, and strength of association between caregiver burden, cAN, and HRQoL were assessed using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), logistic regression, and linear regression analyses. Analyses were adjusted for patients' age, PD duration, and motor and cognitive disability, as well as caregivers' age. Results Moderate-severe caregiver burden was reported in 41.7% of PDcAN(+) versus 8.7% of PDcAN(-) (p < 0.001). The ZBI score was increased in PDcAN(+) versus PDcAN(-) (31.5 +/- 3.4 versus 15.2 +/- 2.3; p < 0.001), with tenfold higher odds (p = 0.012) of moderate-severe caregiver burden in PDcAN(+), even after adjusting for potential confounders. The ZBI score correlated with cAN severity (p = 0.005), global autonomic impairment (p = 0.012), and HRQoL impairment (p < 0.001). Conclusion These results highlight the significant impact of cAN on PD caregivers and the need for targeted interventions addressing this frequently overlooked and insufficiently treated source of nonmotor disability in PD.
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Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy; Caregiver burden; Dysautonomia; Parkinson’s disease; Zarit Burden Interview
Ledda, Claudia; Montanaro, Elisa; Imbalzano, Gabriele; Merola, Aristide; Bruno, Ilaria; Artusi, Carlo Alberto; Zibetti, Maurizio; Rizzone, Mario Giorgio; Bozzali, Marco; Sobrero, Gabriele; Vallelonga, Fabrizio; Maule, Simona; Lopiano, Leonardo; Romagnolo, Alberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1880434
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