Background: Several peripheral regional anaesthesia (RA) techniques are commonly used in thoracic surgery even in the absence of precise indications regarding their effectiveness on postoperative pain management. Objective: This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to describe and evaluate the relative effectiveness of different peripheral regional blocks and systemic analgesia in the context of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) or thoracotomy. Design: Systematic review of randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) with meta-analyses. Data sources: We searched PubMed and Embase for all RCTs comparing the 24 hour morphine equivalents (MMEs) consumption following peripheral regional blocks and systemic analgesia (SA). Eligibility criteria: We selected only RCTs including adult participants undergoing thoracic surgery, including esophagectomy and reporting on postoperative pain outcomes including 24 hour MMEs consumption. Results: Among the 28 randomized studies including adult participants undergoing thoracic surgery and reporting on 24 hour opioid consumption, 11 reporting a comparison of individual blocks with systemic analgesia were meta-analyzed. RA was effective for almost all peripheral blocks. Regarding intercostal block, its antalgic effect was not well evaluated SMD -1.57 (CI -3.88, 0.73). RA in VATS was more effective in reducing MMEs than thoracotomy SMD -1.10 (CI -1.78, -0.41). Conclusions: RA is a useful choice in thoracic surgery. However, it is still not possible to determine the most appropriate block in the individual surgical settings to be performed due to RCTs paucity.

The effect of peripheral regional analgesia in thoracic surgery: a systematic review and a meta-analysis of randomized-controlled trials

Balzani E.;Rosboch G. L.;Ceraolo E.;Lyberis P.;Filippini C.;Guerrera F.;Ruffini E.;Brazzi L.
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Several peripheral regional anaesthesia (RA) techniques are commonly used in thoracic surgery even in the absence of precise indications regarding their effectiveness on postoperative pain management. Objective: This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to describe and evaluate the relative effectiveness of different peripheral regional blocks and systemic analgesia in the context of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) or thoracotomy. Design: Systematic review of randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) with meta-analyses. Data sources: We searched PubMed and Embase for all RCTs comparing the 24 hour morphine equivalents (MMEs) consumption following peripheral regional blocks and systemic analgesia (SA). Eligibility criteria: We selected only RCTs including adult participants undergoing thoracic surgery, including esophagectomy and reporting on postoperative pain outcomes including 24 hour MMEs consumption. Results: Among the 28 randomized studies including adult participants undergoing thoracic surgery and reporting on 24 hour opioid consumption, 11 reporting a comparison of individual blocks with systemic analgesia were meta-analyzed. RA was effective for almost all peripheral blocks. Regarding intercostal block, its antalgic effect was not well evaluated SMD -1.57 (CI -3.88, 0.73). RA in VATS was more effective in reducing MMEs than thoracotomy SMD -1.10 (CI -1.78, -0.41). Conclusions: RA is a useful choice in thoracic surgery. However, it is still not possible to determine the most appropriate block in the individual surgical settings to be performed due to RCTs paucity.
2023
109
1
6
18
erector spinae plane block; intercostal block; paravertebral block; postoperative pain; serratus block; Thoracic surgery
Balzani E.; Rosboch G.L.; Ceraolo E.; Lyberis P.; Filippini C.; Piccioni F.; Guerrera F.; Ruffini E.; Pedoto A.; Brazzi L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1882267
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