Therapy and prognosis of several solid and hematologic malignancies, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), have been favourably impacted by the introduction of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). Their mechanism of action relies on the principle that some cancers can evade immune surveillance by expressing surface inhibitor molecules, known as “immune checkpoints”. ICIs aim to conceal tumoural checkpoints on the cell surface and reinvigorate the ability of the host immune system to recognize tumour cells, triggering an antitumoural immune response. In this review, we will focus on the imaging patterns of different responses occurring in patients treated by ICIs. We will also discuss imaging findings of immune-related adverse events (irAEs), along with current and future perspectives of metabolic imaging. Finally, we will explore the role of radiomics in the setting of ICI-treated patients.

The radiological appearances of lung cancer treated with immunotherapy

Balbi, Maurizio;Colombi, Davide;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Therapy and prognosis of several solid and hematologic malignancies, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), have been favourably impacted by the introduction of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). Their mechanism of action relies on the principle that some cancers can evade immune surveillance by expressing surface inhibitor molecules, known as “immune checkpoints”. ICIs aim to conceal tumoural checkpoints on the cell surface and reinvigorate the ability of the host immune system to recognize tumour cells, triggering an antitumoural immune response. In this review, we will focus on the imaging patterns of different responses occurring in patients treated by ICIs. We will also discuss imaging findings of immune-related adverse events (irAEs), along with current and future perspectives of metabolic imaging. Finally, we will explore the role of radiomics in the setting of ICI-treated patients.
2023
96
1144
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11
Milanese, Gianluca; Mazzaschi, Giulia; Ledda, Roberta Eufrasia; Balbi, Maurizio; Lamorte, Sveva; Caminiti, Caterina; Colombi, Davide; Tiseo, Marcello; Silva, Mario; Sverzellati, Nicola
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1893551
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